Salmo obtusirostris


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Salmo obtusirostris
Species Authority: (Heckel, 1851)
Common Name(s):
English Adriatic Salmon
Salmo montenegrinus (Karaman, 1933)
Salmothymus obtusirostris (Heckel, 1851)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B2ab(v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Crivelli, A.J.
Reviewer(s): Freyhof, J. & Darwall, W. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
S. obtusirostris occurs at only four locations. In all of those locations, it is being threatened by overfishing (sportfishing and for food) and hybridisation with introduced trout. The total area of occupancy (AOO) is less than 500 km², and there is a continuing decline in mature individuals due to overfishing and poaching, especially at Zeta, Imotski and Krka. (Freyhof, J. pers comm).
1996 Data Deficient
1996 Endangered

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: It is restricted to a few Adriatic rivers in Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Montenegro: Krka (very rare), Jadro, Neretva, and Zeta river basins. It is introduced into the Zrnovnica.
Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Montenegro
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Decreasing.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It lives in rivers of the karstic region.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threats are overfishing (sportfishing, food, including poaching) and hybridizitation with foreign trout. Habitat destruction (dams), water pollution.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None.

Bibliography [top]

Baillie, J. and Groombridge, B. (eds). 1996. 1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. pp. 378. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Groombridge, B. (ed.). 1994. 1994 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 1990. 1990 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

IUCN. 2006. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 04 May 2006.

Kottelat, M. 1997. European freshwater fishes. Biologia 52(5): 1-271.

Povz, M., Leiner, S., Mrakovcic, M. and Popovic, J. 1990. Rare and endangered fishes from Yugoslavian Adriatic rivers. Journal of Fish Biology37(Supplement A): 247–249.

Snoj, A., Melkic, E., Susnik, S., Muhamedagic, S. and Dovc, P. 2002. DNA phylogeny supports revised classification of Salmothymus obtusirostris. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 77: 399–411.

Soric, V.M. 1990. Salmonid in the Ohrid-Drim-Skadar system. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohemoslov. 54: 305–319.

Citation: Crivelli, A.J. 2006. Salmo obtusirostris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 29 August 2015.
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