|Scientific Name:||Conus aulicus|
|Species Authority:||Linnaeus, 1758|
Conus auratus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792
Conus gracianus da Motta, 1982
Conus particolor Perry, 1810
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Peters, H. & Poppe, G.|
|Facilitator/s:||Harwell, H., Peters, H. & Coggan, A.|
This species occurs throughout the Indo-Pacific from East Africa to French Polynesia and the Marshall Islands. As a wide ranging species with no obvious threats this has been assessed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species occurs throughout the Indo-Pacific from East Africa to French Polynesia and the Marshall Islands. (Röckel et al. 1995). The EOO, AOO and number of locations exceed the thresholds for criteria B1 and B2.|
Native:American Samoa (American Samoa); Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland); Bahrain; Bangladesh; British Indian Ocean Territory; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China (Fujian, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang); Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Comoros; Cook Islands; Disputed Territory (Paracel Is., Spratly Is.); Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Hong Kong; India; Indonesia; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Japan (Kyushu, Shikoku); Kenya; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Kuwait; Macao; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Mauritius; Mayotte; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nauru; New Caledonia; Niue; Northern Mariana Islands; Oman; Pakistan; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Qatar; Réunion; Samoa; Saudi Arabia; Seychelles; Singapore; Solomon Islands; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Timor-Leste; Tokelau; Tonga; Tuvalu; United Arab Emirates; United States Minor Outlying Islands (Howland-Baker Is.); Vanuatu; Viet Nam; Wallis and Futuna; Yemen (South Yemen)
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western; Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is widespread but not common. It naturally occurs in low abundances (G. Poppe pers. comm. 2011).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is found on exposed coasts with heavily aerated water. In the Philippines, it occurs on sand with algae. It preys upon gastropods. Adults can grow up to a maximum length of 163 mm, although they will typically be smaller than this (Röckel et al. 1995).|
Given the wide range of the species there are no obvious threats.
|Conservation Actions:||No known conservation measures for this species at present. It occurs in marine protected areas on ocean coasts in the Philippines (G. Poppe pers. comm. 2011).|
IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 12 June 2013).
Livett, B.G., Gayler, K.R. and Khalil, Z. 2004. Drugs from the sea: conopeptides as potential therapeutics. Current Medicinal Chemistry 11: 1715-1723.
Rice, T. 2007. A Catalog of Dealers' Prices for Shells: Marine, Land and Freshwater. Sea and Shore Publications.
Röckel, D., Korn, W. & Kohn, A.J. 1995. Manual of the Living Conidae, Vol 1. Verlag Christa Hemmen.
|Citation:||Kohn, A. 2013. Conus aulicus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 09 March 2014.|
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