Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Mollusca Gastropoda Neogastropoda Conidae

Scientific Name: Conus armadillo
Species Authority: Shikama, 1971

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-10-26
Assessor(s): Bouchet, P.
Reviewer(s): Seddon, M. & Peters, H.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Hines, A., Peters, H. & Athorn, M.

This species is found from Taiwan and Philippines in the North and Queensland and Loyalty Island in the South. It also occurs in Tahiti (P. Bouchet pers. comm. 2011). It has a depth distribution of 100-300 m.  This species is not believed to have any major threats.  It is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

This species is found from Taiwan and Philippines in the North, across Queensland and Loyalty Island in the South (Röckel et al. 1995). It also occurs in Tahiti (P. Bouchet pers. comm. 2011). It has a depth distribution of 100-300 m.

Countries occurrence:
Australia (Queensland); French Polynesia (Society Is.); New Caledonia; Philippines; Taiwan, Province of China
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Lower depth limit (metres): 300
Upper depth limit (metres): 100
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is considered to be locally common in the northern regions of its distribution i.e. Taiwan and the northern Philippines, while rare in the southern reaches (P. Bouchet pers. comm. 2011).
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

This is a deepwater species where it is found between 100 to 300 m found on sand and mud substrate. Adults of this species can grow to 80 mm although they will typically be less than this (Röckel et al. 1995).

Systems: Marine
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat: Unknown

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

In common with all Conus spp, shells of this species are traded for the collector market. There are no quantitative data available on the number of shells removed, however, this species is traded for prices typically in the low range; availability: plentiful (Rice 2007).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known material threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no conservation measures in place for this species.

Classifications [top]

9. Marine Neritic -> 9.4. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Sandy
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.6. Marine Neritic - Subtidal Muddy
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education

♦  Handicrafts, jewellery, etc.
 International : ✓ 

♦  Sport hunting/specimen collecting
 International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Rice, T. 2007. A Catalog of Dealers' Prices for Shells: Marine, Land and Freshwater. Sea and Shore Publications.

Röckel, D., Korn, W. & Kohn, A.J. 1995. Manual of the Living Conidae, Vol 1. Verlag Christa Hemmen.

Citation: Bouchet, P. 2013. Conus armadillo. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T192447A2096947. . Downloaded on 13 October 2015.
Disclaimer: To make use of this information, please check the <Terms of Use>.
Feedback: If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided