Conus armadillo


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Conus armadillo
Species Authority: Shikama, 1971

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-10-26
Assessor(s): Bouchet, P.
Reviewer(s): Seddon, M. & Peters, H.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Hines, A., Peters, H. & Athorn, M.

This species is found from Taiwan and Philippines in the North and Queensland and Loyalty Island in the South. It also occurs in Tahiti (P. Bouchet pers. comm. 2011). It has a depth distribution of 100-300 m.  This species is not believed to have any major threats.  It is listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

This species is found from Taiwan and Philippines in the North, across Queensland and Loyalty Island in the South (Röckel et al. 1995). It also occurs in Tahiti (P. Bouchet pers. comm. 2011). It has a depth distribution of 100-300 m.

Australia (Queensland); French Polynesia (Society Is.); New Caledonia; Philippines; Taiwan, Province of China
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is considered to be locally common in the northern regions of its distribution i.e. Taiwan and the northern Philippines, while rare in the southern reaches (P. Bouchet pers. comm. 2011).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

This is a deepwater species where it is found between 100 to 300 m found on sand and mud substrate. Adults of this species can grow to 80 mm although they will typically be less than this (Röckel et al. 1995).

Systems: Marine

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

In common with all Conus spp, shells of this species are traded for the collector market. There are no quantitative data available on the number of shells removed, however, this species is traded for prices typically in the low range; availability: plentiful (Rice 2007).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known material threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no conservation measures in place for this species.

Bibliography [top]

IUCN. 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2013.1). Available at: (Accessed: 12 June 2013).

Rice, T. 2007. A Catalog of Dealers' Prices for Shells: Marine, Land and Freshwater. Sea and Shore Publications.

Röckel, D., Korn, W. & Kohn, A.J. 1995. Manual of the Living Conidae, Vol 1. Verlag Christa Hemmen.

Citation: Bouchet, P. 2013. Conus armadillo. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 26 March 2015.
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