Clepticus parrae 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Labridae

Scientific Name: Clepticus parrae (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Creole Wrasse, Barracuda waitin boy, Blue girl, Purple-tailed wrasse, Sorrel chub
French Donzelle créole
Spanish Doncella mulata, Loro morao, Rabirrubia genízara
Brama parrae Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Brama parrae Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Clepticus genizara Cuvier, 1829
Clepticus genizara Cuvier, 1829
Clepticus parrai (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Clepticus parrai (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-03-25
Assessor(s): Choat, J.H., Rocha, L. & Craig, M.
Reviewer(s): Sadovy, Y. & Carpenter, K.E.
This species is widespread in the northwestern Atlantic and is abundant. It is primarily found schooling near reefs. There are no major threats known to this species. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is found in the Western Atlantic from Bermuda, southern Florida (USA), and Bahamas to Venezuela and Trinidad and Tobago.
Countries occurrence:
Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Bahamas; Barbados; Belize; Bermuda; Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (Saba, Sint Eustatius); Cayman Islands; Colombia; Costa Rica; Cuba; Curaçao; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Haiti; Honduras; Jamaica; Martinique; Mexico; Montserrat; Nicaragua; Panama; Puerto Rico; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Sint Maarten (Dutch part); Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Islands; United States; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Atlantic – western central
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):40
Upper depth limit (metres):1
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There is no population information available for this species. This species is considered common throughout its range. For example, it is common in San Blas (Warner and Robertson 1978) and in the Gulf of Mexico (Precht et al. 2006).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species inhabits outer reef areas and is most common at depths of 10-30 m, although it can occur to 40 m. It feeds planktivorously in aggregations off the bottom on copepods, jellyfishes, pteropods, tunicates and larvae. Of 41 reef fish species counted as a monitoring program in the Gulf of Mexico, Flower garden reserve was the most abundant (Precht et al. 2006).

This species is a small schooling wrasse that occurs in high densities in the near-reef pelagic zones. It is protogynous, monandric (Warner and Robertson 1978). It forms leks during breeding (Allsop and West 2003). Length at sex change = 15.78 cm TL (Allsop and West 2003).
Congregatory:Congregatory (and dispersive)

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is incidentally caught in artisinal trap fishing, but is not a targeted species and only large individuals are retained in traps (Hawkins and Roberts 2004).

This species is occasionally seen in the aquarium trade. Species also caught with beach nets (Cervigón et al. 1992).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats known for this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are no species specific conservation measures. However, this species distribution overlaps a number of Marine Protected Areas within its range.

Classifications [top]

13. Marine Coastal/Supratidal -> 13.1. Marine Coastal/Supratidal - Sea Cliffs and Rocky Offshore Islands

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

♦  Food - human
 Local : ✓ 

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 Local : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Allsop, D.J. and West, S.A. 2003. Constant relative age and size at sex change for sequentially hermaphroditic fish. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 16: 921-929.

Cervigón, F., Cipriani, R., Fischer, W., Garibaldi, L., Hendrickx, M., Lemus, A.J., Márquez, R., Poutiers, J.M., Robaina, G. and Rodriguez, B. 1992. Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome.

Hawkins, J.P. and Roberts, C.M. 2004. Effects of Artisanal Fishing on Caribbean Coral Reefs. Conservation Biology 18: 215-226.

IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: (Accessed: 27 October 2010).

Precht, W.F., Aronson, R.B., Deslarzes, K.J.P., Robbart, M.L., Murdoch, T.J.T., Gelber,A., Evans, D.J., Gearheart, B. and Zimmer, B. 2006. Long-Term Monitoring at the East and West Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary, 2002-2003: Final Report. U.S. Department of the Interior, Minerals Management Service, Gulf of Mexico OCS Region, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Warner, R.R. and Robertson, D.R. 1978. Sexual patterns in the labroid fishes of the Western Caribbean, I: the wrasses (Labridae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 254: 1-27.

Citation: Choat, J.H., Rocha, L. & Craig, M. 2010. Clepticus parrae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T187546A8564076. . Downloaded on 27 May 2018.
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