|Scientific Name:||Conniella apterygia|
|Species Authority:||Allen, 1983|
Coniella apterygia Allen, 1983
|Taxonomic Notes:||For taxonomic treatment see Allen (1983).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B2ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Russell, B. & Pollard, D.|
|Reviewer(s):||Liu, M. & Sadovy, Y.|
This species is endemic to reefs in Rowley Shoals and Scott Reef off of Australia, and has an area of occupancy estimated to be less than 1,000 km2. It is threatened by habitat degradation due to oil and gas extraction industries, including habitat loss due to seismic survey drilling, pollution and mechanical damage. This species is listed as Vulnerable under Criterion B.
|Range Description:||This species is known only from Rowley Shoals and Scott Reef off northwestern Australia, and has an area of occupancy estimated to be 900-1,000 km2.|
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Indian Ocean – eastern
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no population information available for this species. It is fairly common in deeper water.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This is a small species that grows to about 90 mm TL. It inhabits coral reefs on deep rubble slopes that are below the outer reef walls in depths of 35-50 m, but it is also found in lagoons as shallow as 12 m. Large individuals, all male, occur in small groups (Kuiter 2002).|
|Major Threat(s):||This species is threatened by oil and gas exploration and extraction on or near reefs off of the northwestern shelf of Australia. Other potential major threats to the habitat of this species include seismic survey drilling, pollution and mechanical damage. The oil industry in this region is going to continue developing into the future.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no specific conservation measures in place for this species. Rowley Shoals is a designated marine protected area (Department of Environment and Conservation 2009).|
Allen, G.R. 1983. A new genus and species of wrasse (Pisces: Labridae) from Rowley Shoals, Western Australia. Revue française d'Aquariologie 10(2): 43-46.
Department of Environment and Conservation Western Australia. 2009. Marine Parks and Reserves. Available at: http://www.dec.wa.gov.au/hotproperty/property/marine-parks-and-reserves/rowley-shoals-marine-park.html.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 October 2010).
Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy and rainbow wrasses and their relatives – a comprehensive guide to selected labrids. TMC Publishing, Chorleywood, UK.
|Citation:||Russell, B. & Pollard, D. 2010. Conniella apterygia. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 December 2014.|
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