|Scientific Name:||Raorchestes chlorosomma|
|Species Authority:||(Biju & Bossuyt, 2009)|
Philautus chlorosomma Biju & Bossuyt, 2009
Pseudophilautus chlorosomma (Biju & Bossuyt, 2009)
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Reviewer/s:||Andreone, F. & Crnobrnja-Isailovic , J.|
|Contributor/s:||Pascual Cuadras, A., Angulo, A. & Biju, S.D.|
Listed as Critically Endangered because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is much less than 100 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat due to extensive tea, eucalyptus and wattle cultivation.
|Range Description:||This species is known only from Munnar (1,410 m asl), Idukki district, state of Kerala, within the Western Ghats mountain range in India (Biju and Bossuyt 2009). Since this species has only been found at the type locality despite further survey efforts in neighbouring areas, its EOO its thought to be less than 100 km2 (S.D. Biju pers. comm. January 2011).
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
It is considered to be a rare species (S.D. Biju pers. comm. December 2010).
|Habitat and Ecology:||
It occurs in disturbed sholas (Biju and Bossuyt 2009), a type of high-altitude evergreen forest found only in the southern portion of the Western Ghats. Individuals have been found near secondary forest and tea and eucalyptus plantations after heavy rain, from about 1 m above the ground, from thickets of Lantana or leaves of Eupatorium glandulosum (Biju and Bossuyt 2009). Like other congeners, this species breeds by direct development (S.D. Biju pers. comm. December 2010).
This species occurs in a highly degraded area being used extensively for large-scale tea, eucalyptus and wattle plantations (S.D. Biju pers.comm. December 2010). The tourism industry in this region has also experienced considerable development and could be a potential threat to this species, although it is currently not very intensive (SD. Biju pers. comm. January 2011). While this species appears to be adaptable, its tolerance threshold to more disturbed habitats is not fully understood.
No conservation actions are currently known for this species (S.D. Biju pers.comm. December 2010). More information is needed on this species' distribution, population status, natural history and threats.
Biju, S.D. and Bossuyt, F. 2009. Systematics and phylogeny of Philautus Gistel, 1848 (Anura, Rhacophoridae) in the Western Ghats of India, with descriptions of 12 new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 155: 374-444.
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 16 June 2011).
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group 2011. Raorchestes chlorosomma. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 18 April 2014.|
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