|Scientific Name:||Stereomastis sculpta|
|Species Authority:||(Smith, 1880)|
Polycheles sculptus Smith, 1880
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Collen, B., Livingstone, S. & Richman, N.|
|Contributor/s:||Batchelor, A., De Silva, R., Dyer, E., Kasthala, G., Lutz, M.L., McGuinness, S., Milligan, H.T., Soulsby, A.-M. & Whitton, F.|
Stereomastis sculpta is assessed as Least Concern because it has a very large distribution across the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans; lives at great depths and is not being impacted by any major threats.
|Range Description:||This species is found across the globe, including the Mediterranean, down to the Canary Islands and Mauritania, the Cape Verde Islands, West Africa, South Africa, East Africa, Comoros Islands and Madagascar (Galil 2000). In the Atlantic, this species is known from USA, Canada, Iceland and the Labrador Sea, down to the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea and also as far as Guyana and Chile (Galil 2000). Additionally it is present in the waters off Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, Indonesia, Philippines, Malaysia, China Sea up to Japan and Taiwan (Galil 2000, Ahyong and Chan 2004, Ahyong and Galil 2006). It has been recorded in the Arabian Sea, Sri Lanka and Gulf of Aden (Galil 2000).|
Native:Anguilla; Antigua and Barbuda; Aruba; Australia; Bahamas; Barbados; Benin; Bermuda; Cameroon; Canada; Cape Verde; Cayman Islands; Chile; Colombia; Comoros; Costa Rica; Côte d'Ivoire; Cuba; Djibouti; Dominica; Dominican Republic; Fiji; Ghana; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Guyana; Haiti; Honduras; Iceland; Indonesia; Jamaica; Japan; Kenya; Liberia; Madagascar; Malaysia; Martinique; Mauritania; Montserrat; Mozambique; Netherlands Antilles; New Caledonia; New Zealand; Nicaragua; Nigeria; Oman; Panama; Philippines; Puerto Rico; Saint Barthélemy; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (French part); Saint Vincent and the Grenadines; Senegal; Somalia; South Africa; Spain (Canary Is.); Sri Lanka; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Trinidad and Tobago; Turks and Caicos Islands; United States; Vanuatu; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of; Virgin Islands, British; Virgin Islands, U.S.; Yemen
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Atlantic – eastern central; Atlantic – northeast; Atlantic – northwest; Atlantic – southeast; Atlantic – western central; Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – southwest; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is described as abundant in the Catalan sea, western Mediterranean and the Mexican Gulf (Cartes and Sardia 1993, Wicksten and Packard 2005).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species has been found on muddy substrates off the coast of Ireland and a Chilean methane seep area (ERT Scotland Ltd 2007, Sellanes et al. 2008). It is found between depths of 200 and 4,000 m.|
|Major Threat(s):||This species faces no major threat.|
|Conservation Actions:||There are no specific conservation measures in place for this species.|
Ahyong, S.T. and Chan, T.-Y. 2004. Polychelid Lobsters Of Taiwan (Decapoda: Polychelidae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 52(1): 171-182.
Ahyong, S.T. and Galil, B.S. 2006. Polychelidae from the southern and western Pacific (Decapoda, Polychelida). Zoosystema 28(3): 757-767.
Cartes, J.E. and Sardia, F. 1993. Zonation of deep-sea decapod fauna in the Catalan Sea (Western Mediterranean). Marine Biology Progress Series 94: 27-34.
Galil, B. 2000. Crustacea Decapoda: Review of the Genera and Species of the family Polychelidae Wood-mason 1874. In: Crosnier, A. (ed.), Resultat des Campagnes Musorstom, pp. 285-387. Paris.
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 16 June 2011).
Sellanes J., Quiroga E., Neira C. 2008. Megafaunal community structure and trophic relationships of the recently discovered Concepcio´n Methane Seep Area (Chile). ICES Journal of Marine Sciences 65: 1102-1111.
Wicksten, M.K. and Packard, J.M. 2005. A qualitative zoogeographic analysis of decapod crustaceans of the continental slopes and abyssal plain of the Gulf of Mexico. Deep-Sea Research I 52: 1745-1765.
|Citation:||Chan, T.Y. 2011. Stereomastis sculpta. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 06 December 2013.|
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