|Scientific Name:||Orthetrum ransonnetii|
|Species Authority:||(Brauer, 1865)|
Libellula gracilis Albarda in Selys, 1887
Libellula ransonnetii Brauer, 1865
|Taxonomic Notes:||This is a well defined species and easy to identify using regional Keys (Dumont 1991; Kalkman 2006; Schneider 1986). Libellula gracilis Albarda in Selys, 1887 is according to Ris (1910) a synonym of L. ransonnetii Brauer, 1865.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern (Regional assessment) ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Schneider, W.|
|Reviewer/s:||Dijkstra, K.-D.B., Clausnitzer, V., Suhling, F., Samways, M., Samraoui, B., Boudot, J.P., Kipping, J. & Allen, D. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit) (IUCN Pan Africa Freshwater Biodiversity Assessement workshop, Cairo, 2009).|
This is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats that is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
In northern Africa, O. ransonnetii is an oasis species which is abundant where it occurs. It is not a particularly mobile and in northern Africa it is restricted to oases in higher areas of the Sahara. Nothing is known of population trends in northern Africa and it is currently Data Deficient in this region. In central Sahara, is relatively widespread. Distribution within northern Africa is not known, but a wider distribution is expected and there are no defined threats. The species is assessed as Least Concern
In northteastern Africa, the species has only been recorded from the Red Sea Hills in Sudan (Dumont and Martens 1984), therefore listed Data Deficient for the region.
In western Africa, less than 5% of the global distribution is found within the region, therefore the species is assessed as Not Applicable.
|Range Description:||The species is present in the inland desert habitats in the western Sahara, Niger, Chad, Algeria, and Sudan (Samraoui and Menai 1999, Samraoui and Corbet 2000, Dumont and Martens 1984). Orthetrum ransonnetii is a species with a wide but discontinuous distribution from Afghanistan (Schmidt 1961), Iran (e.g., Heidari and Dumont 2002), Arabia (Ris 1910, Waterston and Pittaway 1991, Schneider and Dumont 1997), Israel (Dumont 1991, Schneider 1986) and Jordan (Schneider 1986, Terzani 1995) to Africa. Probably present in Libya, where there has been little survey (Boudot pers. comm.). From central Algeria to Egypt and Sudan.
Within the northern Africa region, it occurs in Egypt, where it reaches the Mediterranean via the Nile (Dumont 1980, Geene 1994, Ris 1910).
The species just reaches into the north of the western Africa region - Algeria (Hoggar Mts.), Niger (Air Mts.) and Chad (Tibesti Mts.).
Native:Algeria; Chad; Egypt (Egypt (African part), Sinai); Niger; Sudan; Western Sahara
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Little information is available for this species. Few observations indicate that the species is never abundant at a given locality (Schneider, unpublished data).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Nothing is known on the ecology of Orthetrum ransonnetii. In northern Africa, Waterston and Pittaway (1991) report the species "occurring around deep rocky pools in boulder-strewn wadis", an observation that can be confirmed for Jordan (Schneider, unpublished data).
In northeastern Africa, it is found in waters in desert mountain areas.
In western Africa, it is present in the desert.
|Major Threat(s):||No major threats known.|
|Conservation Actions:||More research is needed in the northern African region to determine the range and status of the species there. In general, research into population numbers and range, biology and ecology, habitat status, threats, conservation measures, and trends/monitoring of this species would also be valuable. Habitat and site-based actions are also required.|
Dumont, H.J. 1977. A review of the dragonfly fauna of Turkey and adjacent Mediterranean islands (Insecta Odonata). Bulletin et Annales de la Société royale belge d’Entomologie 113: 119-171.
Dumont, H.J. 1980. The dragonfly fauna of Egypt and the role of the Nile in its origin and composition. Water Supply & Management 4: 29-34.
Dumont, H.J. 1991. Odonata of the Levant. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
Dumont, H.J. and Martens, K. 1984. Dragonflies (Insecta, Odonata) from the Red Sea Hills and the main Nile in Sudan. Hydrobiologia 110: 181-190.
Geene, R. 1994. Notes on dragonflies in Egypt, spring 1990. In: P.L. Meininger and G.A.M. Atta (eds), Ornithological studies in Egyptian wetlands 1989/1990, pp. 391-395 (Appendix III). Foundation for Ornithological Researech in Egypt, Vlissingen.
Heidari, H. and Dumont, H.J. 2002. An annotated check-list of the Odonata of Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 26: 133-150.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.3). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 2 September 2010).
Kalkman, V.J. 2006. Key to the dragonflies of Turkey including species known from Greece, Bulgaria, Lebanon, Syria, the Trans-Caucasus and Iran. Brachytron 10: 3-82.
Ris, F. 1910. Libellulinen monographisch bearbeitet.
Samraoui, B. and Corbet, Ph. S. 2000. The Odonata of Numidia, northeastern Algeria. Part I: status and distribution. International Journal of Odonatology 3: 11-25.
Samraoui, B. and Menai, R. 1999. A contribution to the study of Algerian Odonata. International Journal of Odonatology 2: 145-165.
Schmidt, E. 1961. Ergebnisse der Deutschen Afghanistan-Expedition 1956 der Landessammlung für Naturkunde Karlsruhe sowie der Expedition J. Klapperich, Bonn 1952-53 und Dr. K. Lindberg, Lund (Schweden) 1957-60. Libellen (Odonata). Beiträge zur naturkundlichen Forschung in Südwestdeutschland 19: 399-435. Plt XI.
Schneider, W. 1986. Systematik und Zoogeographie der Odonata der Levante unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Zygoptera. Biologie, Institut für Zoologie, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität.
Schneider, W. and Dumont, H.J. 1997. The dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) of Oman. An updated and annotated checklist. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 16: 89-110.
Selys Longchamps, E. de. 1887. Odonates de l'Asie Mineure. Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 31: 1-85.
Terzani, F. 1995. Odonati della regione di Aqaba (Giordania merid.). Studi per l'ecologia del quaternario 17: 135-136.
Waterston, A.R. and Pittaway, A.R. 1991 (1989). The Odonata or Dragonflies of Oman and neighbouring territories. Journal of Oman Studies 10: 131-168.
|Citation:||Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Schneider, W. 2010. Orthetrum ransonnetii. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 April 2014.|
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