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Iberochondrostoma lemmingii 

Scope: Global
Language: English
Status_ne_offStatus_dd_offStatus_lc_offStatus_nt_offStatus_vu_onStatus_en_offStatus_cr_offStatus_ew_offStatus_ex_off

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Cypriniformes Cyprinidae

Scientific Name: Iberochondrostoma lemmingii (Steindachner, 1866)
Synonym(s):
Chondrostoma lemmingii (Steindachner, 1866)
Leuciscus lemmingii Steindachner, 1866
Rutilus lemmingii (Steindachner, 1866)
Taxonomic Source(s): Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.). 2015. Catalog of Fishes. Updated 7 January 2015. Available at: http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp. (Accessed: 7 January 2015).
Taxonomic Notes: Assessments of Iberochondrostoma lemmingii published before 2010 included individuals that are now recognised as belonging to a separate species: Achondrostoma salamantinum Doadrio & Elvira, 2007.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A2ace+3ce ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2010-08-22
Assessor(s): Freyhof, J.
Reviewer(s): Kottelat, M. & Smith, K.
Contributor(s): Crivelli, A.J.
Justification:
Iberochondrostoma lemmingii is a rare species and its population is suspected to have decreased by over 30% in the past 10 years. This decline is attributed to water extraction, drought, pollution and the introduction of fish predators. This decline is suspected to continue into the future.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:It is restricted to the Tajo, Guadiana, Odiel and Guadalquivir river basins. Previously the species was recorded has being present in the rivers Huebra, Águeda and Uces in the Duero River basin in Salamanca province, western Spain; these populations have now been described as a seperate species Achondrostoma salmantinum.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Portugal; Spain
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Iberochondrostoma lemmingii is a rare species and its population is suspected to have decreased by over 30% in the past 10 years. This decline is attributed to water extraction, drought, pollution and the introduction of fish predators. It is suspected that this decline rate will continue into the future.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species lives in the middle and lower reaches of rivers with slow current and abundant submerged vegetation.
Systems:Freshwater
Generation Length (years):2-3

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Water extraction, drought and pollution are the main threats. Introduction of exotic fish predators is also a concern for this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is listed in the Annex II of the European Union Habitats Directive and in the Appendix III of the Bern Convention.

Classifications [top]

5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.1. Wetlands (inland) - Permanent Rivers/Streams/Creeks (includes waterfalls)
suitability:Suitable  
5. Wetlands (inland) -> 5.2. Wetlands (inland) - Seasonal/Intermittent/Irregular Rivers/Streams/Creeks
suitability:Suitable  
2. Land/water management -> 2.3. Habitat & natural process restoration

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
  Included in international legislation:Yes
11. Climate change & severe weather -> 11.2. Droughts
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

7. Natural system modifications -> 7.2. Dams & water management/use -> 7.2.8. Abstraction of ground water (unknown use)
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

8. Invasive and other problematic species, genes & diseases -> 8.1. Invasive non-native/alien species/diseases -> 8.1.1. Unspecified species
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

9. Pollution -> 9.3. Agricultural & forestry effluents -> 9.3.4. Type Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing ♦ scope:Unknown ♦ severity:Unknown ⇒ Impact score:Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.6. Actions
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

Coelho, M.M., Alves, M.J. and Rodriguez, E. 1997. Patterns of genetic divergence in Chondrostoma lusitanicum Collares-Periera in intermittent Portuguese rivers. Fisheries Management and Ecology 4: 223–232.

Doadrio, I. 2001. Atlas y libro rojo de los peces continentale de Espana. Madrid MMA, CSIC.

Doadrio, I. and Carmona, J.A. 2003. A new species of the genus Chondrostoma Agassiz, 1832 (Actinopterygii, Cyprinidae) from the Iberian peninsula. Graellsia 59(1): 29–36.

Doadrio, I. and Carmona, J.A. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of the genus Chondrostoma inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution

Doadrio, I. and Elvira, B. 2007. A new species of the genus Achondrostoma Robalo, Almada, Levy & Doadrio, 2007 (Actynopterigii, Cyprinidae) from western Spain. Graellsia 63(2): 295-304.

Elvira, B. 1995. Conservation status of endemic freshwater fish in Spain. Biological Conservation 72: 129–136.

Elvira, B., Rincon, P.A. and Velasco, J.C. 1990. Chondrostoma polylepis Steindachner x Rutilus lemmingiii (Steindachner) (Osteichthyes, Cyprinidae), a new natural hybrid from the Duero river basin, Spain. Journal of Fish Biology 37: 745–754.

Fernandez-Delgado, C. and Herrera, M. 1995. Age structure, growth and reproduction of Rutilus lemmingii in an intermittent stream of the Guadalquivir river basin, southern Spain. Hydrobiologia 299: 207–213.

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 30 June 2017).

Velasco, J.C., Rincon, P.A. and Lobon-Cervia, J. 1990. Age, growth and reproduction of the cyprinid Rutilus lemmingii (Steindachner, 1866) in the River Huebra, Central Spain. Journal of Fish Biology 36: 469–480.


Citation: Freyhof, J. 2011. Iberochondrostoma lemmingii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T184444A8277572. . Downloaded on 21 September 2017.
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