Podarcis pityusensis 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Lacertidae

Scientific Name: Podarcis pityusensis
Species Authority: (Boscá, 1883)
Common Name(s):
English Ibiza Wall Lizard
Spanish Lagartija de las Pitiusas, Lagartija De Las Pitiusas
French Lézard Des Pityuses

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2008-12-14
Assessor(s): Valentin Pérez-Mellado, Iñigo Martínez-Solano
Reviewer(s): Cox, N. and Temple, H.J. (Global Reptile Assessment)
Listed as Near Threatened because although the species appears not to be in overall decline, its Extent of Occurrence is much less than 5,000 km2, and there are potential future threats, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2006 Near Threatened (NT)
1996 Vulnerable (VU)
1994 Rare (R)
1990 Rare (R)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to the islands of Ibiza and Formentera, and nearby rocky islets, in the Balearic Islands of Spain. It is known from 42 different populations. It has been introduced to Muella de Palma (Mallorca), Barcelona (where now extinct), Aleria town (southern Spain) and San Juan de Gaztelugatxe (northern Spain). It ranges from sea level up to 475 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Upper elevation limit (metres): 475
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It can be common, especially on small islets. A few populations are declining, but overall it is stable.
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is largely found in vegetated areas, such as cultivated land and gardens, close to and around human habitation. It also occurs in rocky areas, especially in coastal regions. The females lay between one and four eggs.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): In general there are no major threats to this species. A number of islet populations are threatened by disturbance by visitors, introduction of cats and rats to the islands, and accidental poisoning with bait left for seagulls.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on Annex II of the Bern Convention and on Appendix II of CITES. A public education programme is in place with posters on the small islands. It occurs in some protected areas.

Classifications [top]

3. Shrubland -> 3.4. Shrubland - Temperate
suitability: Suitable  
3. Shrubland -> 3.8. Shrubland - Mediterranean-type Shrubby Vegetation
suitability: Suitable  
0. Root -> 6. Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks)
suitability: Suitable  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.1. Artificial/Terrestrial - Arable Land
suitability: Suitable  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.2. Artificial/Terrestrial - Pastureland
suitability: Suitable  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.3. Artificial/Terrestrial - Plantations
suitability: Marginal  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.4. Artificial/Terrestrial - Rural Gardens
suitability: Suitable  
14. Artificial/Terrestrial -> 14.5. Artificial/Terrestrial - Urban Areas
suitability: Marginal  
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
  Subject to recent education and awareness programmes:Yes
  Included in international legislation:Yes
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:Yes
5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.2. Unintentional effects (species is not the target)
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

6. Human intrusions & disturbance -> 6.1. Recreational activities
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.2. Species disturbance

8. Invasive & other problematic species & genes -> 8.1. Invasive non-native/alien species -> 8.1.2. Named species
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

8. Invasive & other problematic species & genes -> 8.1. Invasive non-native/alien species -> 8.1.2. Named species (Felis catus)
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

0. Root -> 100.2. OLD 3-Research actions
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
1. Research -> 1.6. Actions
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

Andreu, A., Bea, A., Braña, F., Galán, P., López-Jurado, L.F., Pérez-Mellado, V., Pleguezuelos, J.M. and Salvador, A. 1998. Fauna Ibérica. Reptiles. 10: 1-705.

Arnold, E.N. 2003. Reptiles and amphibians of Europe. Princeton University Press., Princeton and Oxford.

Cirer, A.M. 1980. Descripció de dues subspècies noves de Podarcis pityusensis. Bull. Inst. Cat. Hist. Nat.: 121-126.

Cirer, A.M. 1981. La lagartija ibicenca y su circula de razas. Cons. Ins. Eivissa Formentera: 1-106.

Cirer, A.M. 1982. Estudio de las poblaciones de lacértidos de los islotes en torno a la isla de Ibiza. Publiciones del Centro pirenaico de Biología Experimental: 83-88.

Cirer, A.M. 1987. Aplicacion de técnicas estadisticas multivariantes a las poblaciones del Lacertido Podarcis pityusensis (Boscá, 1883). Revista Española de Herpetologica: 145-163.

Cirer, A.M. 1987. New taxonomic proposition for Podarcis pityusensis Boscá, 1883. Proc. 4th Ord. Gen. Meet. S.E.H., Nijmegen: 95-101.

Cirer, A.M. 1989. Algunos datos colorimétricos de Podarcis pityusensis. Revista Española de Herpetologica: 197-208.

Cirer, A.M. and Guillaume, C.P. 1986. Electrophoretic analysis of the Pityusic islands lizards. In: Rocek, Z. (ed.), Studies in Herpetology, pp. 201-206. Prague.

Cirer, A.M. and Martinez Rica, J.P. 1986. Application of colorimetric techniques to the taxonomy of Podarcis pityusensis. In: Rocek, Z. (ed.), Studies in Herpetology, pp. 323-326. Prague.

Cirer, A.M. and Martinez Rica, J.P. 1990. The polymorphism of Podarcis pityusensis and its adptative evolution in Mediterranean Isles. Herpetological Journal: 465-473.

IUCN. 2009. European Species on the IUCN Red List. Available at: (Accessed: 22 June 2009).

Pleguezuelos, J.M., Márquez, R. and Lizana, M. 2002. Atlas y Libro Rojo de los Anfibios y Reptiles de España. Dirección General de la Conservación de la naturaleza-Associación Herpetológica Española., Madrid.

Salvador, A. 1986. Podarcis pityusensis - Pityusen eidechse. In: Böhme, W. (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas, Band 2/II., Echsen III (Podarcis)., pp. 231-253. Aula-Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Sindaco, R. and Jeremčenko, V.K. 2008. The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic. 1. Annotated Checklist and Distributional atlas of the turtles, crocodiles, amphisbaenians and lizards of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy).

Terrasa, B., Capó, M. C., Picornell, A., Castro, J. A. and Ramón, M. M. 2004. Endemic Podarcis lizards in the Balearic archipelago studied by means of mtDNA and allozyme variation. Pp. 299-313. En: Pérez-Mellado, V., Riera, N., Perera, A. (Eds.). Biology of Lacertid lizards. Evolutionary and Ecological Perspectives. Institut Menorquí d’Estudis. Recerca, 8. Maó..

Terrasa, B., Picornell, A., Castro, J.A. and Ramon, M. M. 2004. Genetic variation within endemic Podarcis lizards from the Balearic Islands inferred from partial cytochrome b sequences. Amphibia-Reptilia, 25 (4): 407-414..

Citation: Valentin Pérez-Mellado, Iñigo Martínez-Solano. 2009. Podarcis pityusensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T17800A7482971. . Downloaded on 01 December 2015.
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