|Scientific Name:||Chamaeleo calyptratus|
|Species Authority:||Duméril & Bibron in Duméril & Duméril, 1851|
Chamaeleo calcaratus Peters, 1870
C. calyptratus calcarifer Peters, 1871.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Wilms, T., Sindaco, R. & Shobrak, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Bowles, P. & Tolley, K.|
|Contributor(s):||De Silva, R., Milligan, HT, Wearn, O.R., Wren, S., Zamin, T., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Lewis, S., Lintott, P. & Powney, G.|
Chamaeleo calyptratus has been assessed as Least Concern owing to its tolerance of a broad range of habitats, including anthropogenic environments. Although included within the pet trade, animals are currently sourced primarily from captive-bred or non-indigenous sources and hence this does not represent a threat to wild populations.
|Range Description:||This chameleon is distributed in the south-western Arabian Peninsula, in an area stretching from the Asir Province in Saudi Arabia to the surroundings of Aden in Yemen (Nečas 1999). Because of the pet trade, this species is now reported to be established in Florida and a feral population is also present in Hawaii (Krysko et al. 2004, Kraus and Fern 2004). This species is found between 1,200 and 2,000 m above sea level, and its extent of occurrence is estimated as approximately 136,600 km2.|
Native:Saudi Arabia; Yemen
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This is a generally common species, and in parts of its range is found in high densities.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This arboreal species occurs in the most vegetated area of the Arabian Peninsula, predominantly in woodland (M. Shobrak pers. comm. February 2012). It does not prefer any specific habitat, and can be found on acacia branches, on shrubs and even cultivated plants (Nečas 1999). It can also be found in tree alleys along busy road-ways and on trees in village gardens.|
|Use and Trade:||This species is collected for the pet trade, but this trade has declined in recent years. Between 1977 and 2001, 18,068 individuals were exported for the international pet trade (Carpenter et al. 2004). These authors do not trace the major sources for these specimens, but report that between 1992 and 2001 the majority of captive-bred chameleons in trade were from the Czech and Slovak Republics, and that these countries only export C. calyptratus. For the period 1999-2002, an average of 2,170 live specimens were exported annually from Yemen (UNEP-WCMC 2010). This species breeds very readily in captivity, and it is thought that the vast majority of animals sold in the pet trade are from captive stock (T. Wilms pers. comm. February 2012). They are traded domestically in Saudi Arabia for the local pet trade, but in very low numbers (M. Shobrak pers. comm. February 2012).|
|Major Threat(s):||It is unlikely that any major threat is impacting this species. This species has been collected for the pet trade, however exports from Arabia have declined in recent years and most trade is now in captive-bred animals. Development of roads and associated infrastructure may represent localized threats to the chameleon's habitat and may increase the number of animals killed on roads (M. Shobrak pers. comm. February 2012).|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed on CITES Appendix II. There are no further species-specific conservation measures in place, or needed, for this species.|
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Peters, W.C.H. 1871. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der herpetologische Fauna von Südafrika. Monatsber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss., Berlin.
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|Citation:||Wilms, T., Sindaco, R. & Shobrak, M. 2012. Chamaeleo calyptratus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 31 July 2014.|
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