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Uroplatus phantasticus 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Gekkonidae

Scientific Name: Uroplatus phantasticus
Species Authority: Boulenger, 1888
Taxonomic Notes:

Genetic data reveal that U. phantasticus is a complex of several species and a full taxonomic revision is required (Glaw and Vences 2007).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2011
Date Assessed: 2011-01-28
Assessor(s): Ratsoavina, F., Glaw, F., Ramanamanjato, J.-B., Rabibisoa, N. & Rakotondrazafy, N.A.
Reviewer(s): Cox, N.A. & Bowles, P.
Listed as Least Concern on the basis that it has an extent of occurrence of 41,507 km², and although the eastern humid forest is declining rapidly, it still occurs in several large protected areas and exhibits a limited ability to tolerate forest degradation. More research is needed into this species' population status and levels of commercial exploitation to establish whether it is declining sufficiently rapidly to qualify for listing in a more threatened category. If pending changes to this species' taxonomy indicate that the extent of occurrence is considerably less, it will need to be immediately reassessed.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

This leaf-tailed gecko is endemic to Madagascar, where it has been recorded from many localities in the central-east of the island (Glaw and Vences 2007). Confirmed localities include the Angavo-Anjozorobe corridor (Raselimanana and Andriamampionona 2007), Iofa, Didy and Andriantantely (Rabibisoa et al. 2005), Mantadia, Zahamena, Betampona (Raxworthy et al. 2008),  Fierenena, Ranomafana and Vohidrazana (Greenbaum et al. 2007). It occurs from 400 m asl., reaching as high as 1,300 m in Andringitra, and has an estimated extent of occurrence of 41,507 km².

Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):400
Upper elevation limit (metres):1300
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]


This species is locally abundant, although as a forest-dependent species it is likely that the population is declining.

Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:

This is a nocturnal lizard that lives in relatively intact humid forest. It can tolerate only very light levels of disturbance, and is unlikely to persist in forests subject to heavy logging. It has been observed at heights of between 0.5 and 2 m above ground. It lays two spherical eggs.

Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species was historically exported from Madagascar for the international pet trade, and may still be removed in low numbers due to confusion with U. ebenaui and/or U. malama. There is currently no legal export in this species, and illegal exploitation is likely to be low. Captive breeding occurs only in low numbers.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is threatened by the loss and degradation of humid forest due to logging, agriculture and cattle grazing. More information is needed on the impact of collection for the pet trade, as it may be exploited locally at levels high enough to represent a threat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in a few protected areas in eastern Madagascar. It is included in CITES Appendix II. More research is needed into its taxonomy, the limits of its distribution, its population status, and harvest levels.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
suitability: Suitable  major importance:Yes
1. Land/water protection -> 1.1. Site/area protection
1. Land/water protection -> 1.2. Resource & habitat protection
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
  Action Recovery plan:No
  Systematic monitoring scheme:No
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over part of range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
  Area based regional management plan:No
In-Place Species Management
  Harvest management plan:No
  Successfully reintroduced or introduced beningly:No
  Subject to ex-situ conservation:No
In-Place Education
  Subject to recent education and awareness programmes:No
  Included in international legislation:Yes
  Subject to any international management/trade controls:Yes
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.1. Shifting agriculture
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Majority (50-90%) ♦ severity: Slow, Significant Declines ⇒ Impact score: Medium Impact: 6 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion

2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.3. Livestock farming & ranching -> 2.3.2. Small-holder grazing, ranching or farming
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Unknown ♦ severity: Unknown ⇒ Impact score: Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.1. Hunting & trapping terrestrial animals -> 5.1.1. Intentional use (species is the target)
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Minority (<50%) ♦ severity: Unknown ⇒ Impact score: Unknown 
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.1. Species mortality

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.1. Intentional use: (subsistence/small scale)
♦ timing: Ongoing ♦ scope: Majority (50-90%) ♦ severity: Slow, Significant Declines ⇒ Impact score: Medium Impact: 6 
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.1. Taxonomy
1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends

♦  Pets/display animals, horticulture
 International : ✓ 

♦  Establishing ex-situ production *

Bibliography [top]

Glaw, F. and Vences, M. 2007. A Fieldguide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Madagascar. Third Edition. Vences & Glaw Verlag, Cologne.

Greenbaum, E., Bauer, A.M., Jackman, T. R., Vences, M. and Glaw, F. 2007. A phylogeny of the enigmatic Madagascan geckoes of the genus Uroplatus (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 1493: 41-51.

IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: (Accessed: 10 November 2011).

Rabibisoa, N., Randrianirina, J.E., Rafanomezantsoa, J. and Rabemananjara, F.C.E. 2005. Inventaire des reptiles et amphibiens du corridor Mantadia-Zahamena, Madagascar. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 32, pp. 102-117.

Raselimanana, A. and Andriamampionona, R. 2007. La faune herpétologique du « Couloir d’Anjozorobe Angavo »: Diversité, caractéristiques et aspect biogéographique. Inventaires de la faune et de la flore du couloir forestier d’Anjozorobe – Angav, pp. 111-139. Antananarivo.

Raxworthy, C.J., Pearson, R.G., Zimkus, B.M., Reddy, S., Deo, A.J., Nussbaum, R.A. and Ingram, C.M. 2008. Continental speciation in Madagascar: contrasting biogeographic patterns of divergence in the Uroplatus leaf-tailed geckos species radiation. Journal of Zoology 275: 423-440.

Citation: Ratsoavina, F., Glaw, F., Ramanamanjato, J.-B., Rabibisoa, N. & Rakotondrazafy, N.A. 2011. Uroplatus phantasticus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2011: e.T172906A6939382. . Downloaded on 30 June 2016.
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