|Scientific Name:||Pomacanthus annularis|
|Species Authority:||(Bloch, 1787)|
Chaetodon annularis Bloch, 1787
Pomacanthodes annularis (Bloch, 1787)
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Myers, R., Rocha, L.A. & Craig, M.T.|
|Reviewer(s):||Elfes, C., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S. & Carpenter, K.E.|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, large overall population and no apparent major threats.
|Range Description:||This wide ranging species is distributed throughout the Indo-west Pacific region. It ranges from coastal East Africa (north of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa) in the west, through the Indian Ocean to Indonesia, the island of New Guinea (Indonesia and Papua New Guinea), and the Solomon Islands in the east. It ranges from as far north as southern Japan to the island of New Caledonia (France) in the south (Steene 1978, Pyle 2001, G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006). It has been recorded at depths of 1-60 m.|
Native:Australia; Bangladesh; Cambodia; Hong Kong; India (Andaman Is., Nicobar Is.); Indonesia; Japan; Malaysia; Maldives; Myanmar; Pakistan; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Singapore; Solomon Islands; Sri Lanka; Taiwan, Province of China; Thailand; Viet Nam
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is generally common with stable populations. Steene (1978) suggests that the species is rare in the eastern portion of its range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Populations of this species inhabit coastal reefs, and is sometimes encountered in caves, on wrecks, or underneath jetties in sheltered coves or harbors (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006). It is frequently seen in murky water. It is most usually encountered singly or in pairs. This species feeds on zooplankton, sponges, and tunicates (Pyle 2001, G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006).|
|Use and Trade:||Occasionally exported through the aquarium trade (Pyle 2001). It is regularly exported from Sri Lanka (Steene 1978).|
There appear to be no major threats to this species. Collecting is limited and is not considered to be impacting the global population.
There appear to be no species-specific conservation measures in place. This species is present within a number of marine protected areas.
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IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 October 2010).
Kailola, P.J. 1987. The fishes of Papua New Guinea: a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. II Scorpaenidae to Callionymidae. Research Bulletin No. 41. Research Section, Department of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.
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Monkolprasit, S., Sontirat, S., Vimollohakarn, S. and Songsirikul, T. 1997. Checklist of Fishes in Thailand. Office of Environmental Policy and Planning, Bangkok, Thailand.
Ni, I.H. and Kwok, K.Y. 1999. Marine fish fauna in Hong Kong waters. Zoological Studies 38(2): 130-152.
Pereira, M.A.M. 2000. Preliminary Checklist of Reef-associated Fishes of Mozambique. MICOA, Maputo.
Pyle, R. 2001. Pomacanthidae: Angelfishes. In: K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds), FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae), pp. 3266-3286. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Randall, J.E. and Lim, K.K.P. 2000. A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 8: 569-667.
Randall, J.E., Ida, H., Kato, K., Pyle, R.L. and Earle, J.L. 1997. Annotated checklist of inshore fishes of the Ogasawara Islands. National Science Museum Monographs, Tokyo, Japan.
Shen, S.C. 1993. Fishes of Taiwan. Department of Zoology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
Steene, R.C. 1978. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. A.H. and A.W. Reed Pty Ltd., Australia.
Talwar, P.K. and Kacker, R.K. 1984. Commercial sea fishes of India. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, India.
Werner, T.B. and Allen, G.R. 1998. Reef fishes of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. In: T.B. Werner and G.R. Allen (eds), A Rapid Marine Biodiversity Assessment of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea--Survey II (2000). Conservation International, Washington, USA.
|Citation:||Myers, R., Rocha, L.A. & Craig, M.T. 2010. Pomacanthus annularis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 November 2014.|
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