|Scientific Name:||Chaetodontoplus melanosoma|
|Species Authority:||(Bleeker, 1853)|
Holacanthus melanosoma Bleeker, 1853
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Elfes, C., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S. & Carpenter, K.E.|
Although this species is uncommon, it has a relatively wide distribution, and current harvesting for the aquarium trade is not thought to be impacting the global population. The species has no major threats. It is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species is restricted to central Indonesia (western Java, Bali, Komodo, Flores, Sulawesi, and northeastern Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sabah), and the Philippines (Sulu Archipelago, Cebu, and southern Luzon), occurring at depths of about 5-30m (G.R. Allen, pers. comm. 2010). Records from other areas represent misidentifications of other similar species.|
Native:Indonesia; Malaysia (Sabah); Philippines
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||While this species appears to be uncommon, populations are generally thought to be stable (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species inhabits coastal and outer rocky or coral reefs, often exposed to strong currents and cool upwelling (Pyle 2001, G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006). It feeds on sponges and tunicates; animals are solitary or encountered in pairs (Pyle 2001).|
|Use and Trade:||This species is frequently exported through the aquarium trade (Pyle 2001).|
There appear to be no major threats to this species as a whole (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006).
There appear to be no species-specific conservation measures in place (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006).
Allen, G.R. and Adrim, M. 2003. Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zoological Studies 42(1): 1-72.
Allen, G.R., Steene, R. and Allen, M. 1998. A guide to angelfishes and butterflyfishes. Odyssey Publishing/Tropical Reef Research.
Ganaden, S.R. and Lavapie-Gonzales, F. 1999. Common and local names of marine fishes of the Philippines. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Philippines.
Herre, A.W.C.T. 1953. Check list of Philippine fishes. Research Report. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the U.S Department of the Interior, USA.
Huang, Z. 2001. Marine species and their distribution in China's seas. Krieger Publishing Company, Florida, USA.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 October 2010).
Kailola, P.J. 1987. The fishes of Papua New Guinea: a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. II Scorpaenidae to Callionymidae. Research Bulletin No. 41. Research Section, Department of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.
Masuda, H., Amaoka, K., Araga, C., Uyeno, T. and Yoshino, T. 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan.
Pyle, R. 2001. Pomacanthidae: Angelfishes. In: K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds), FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae), pp. 3266-3286. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Randall, J.E. and Lim, K.K.P. 2000. A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 8: 569-667.
Shen, S.C. 1993. Fishes of Taiwan. Department of Zoology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.
Steene, R.C. 1978. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. A.H. and A.W. Reed Pty Ltd., Australia.
Werner, T.B. and Allen, G.R. 1998. Reef fishes of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. In: T.B. Werner and G.R. Allen (eds), A Rapid Marine Biodiversity Assessment of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea--Survey II (2000). Conservation International, Washington, USA.
|Citation:||Allen, G. 2010. Chaetodontoplus melanosoma. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 06 March 2015.|
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