|Scientific Name:||Centropyge heraldi|
|Species Authority:||Woods & Schultz, 1953|
Centropyge woodheadi Kuiter, 1998
Pomacanthus heraldi (Woods & Schultz, 1953)
|Taxonomic Notes:||Some populations (e.g. Fiji and Coral Sea) have a black marking on the soft dorsal fin and are sometimes referred to as a different species Centropyge woodheadi, however most taxonomists do no consider these populations to be a distinct (L. Rocha and R. Pyle pers. comm. 2009).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Pyle, R. & Rocha, L.A.|
|Reviewer/s:||Elfes, C., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S. & Carpenter, K.E.|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, large overall population, collection for the aquarium fish trade is not globally impacting the population, and there are no other potential major threats.
|Range Description:||This species is widely distributed in the central and western Pacific where it ranges east from southern Japan and the island of Taiwan to the Tuamotu Islands (French Polynesia), and as far south as the Great Barrier Reef (Australia) (Pyle 2001, G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006). It may be encountered at depths of between 8-45 m (Pyle 2001, G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006).|
Native:American Samoa (American Samoa); Australia; Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia (Tuamotu); Guam; Indonesia; Japan; Kiribati (Phoenix Is.); Marshall Islands; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Nauru; New Caledonia; Niue; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Pitcairn; Samoa; Solomon Islands; Taiwan, Province of China; Tokelau; Tonga; United States Minor Outlying Islands (Howland-Baker Is., US Line Is.); Vanuatu
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – southwest; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
It is generally common with stable populations.
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is largely associated with outer coral reef slopes, but may also encountered on shallower lagoon reefs (Pyle 2001, G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006). Feeds on algae; forms harems of two to four animals (Pyle 2001).|
There appear to be no major threats to this species. Although it is sometimes collected for the aquarium trade, harvest levels are not considered to be impacting the global population. There is no substantial habitat loss in the range of this species.
There appear to be no species-specific conservation measures in place. This species is present within some marine protected areas.
Allen, G.R., Steene, R. and Allen, M. 1998. A guide to angelfishes and butterflyfishes. Odyssey Publishing/Tropical Reef Research.
Chang, K.-H., Jan, R.-Q. and Shao, K.-T. 1983. Community ecology of the marine fishes on Lutao Island, Taiwan. Bulletin of the Zoology Institute, Academia Sinica 22(2): 141-155.
Chen, J.-P., Jan, R.-Q. and Shao, K.-T. 1997. Checklist of reef fishes from Taiping Island (Itu Aba Island), Spratly Islands, South China Sea. Pacific Science 51(2): 143-166.
Dantis, A.L. and Aliño, P.M. 2002. Checklist of Philippine reef fishes. In: P.M. Aliño, E.F.B. Miclat, C.L. Nañola Jr., H.A. Roa-Quiaoit and R.T. Campos (eds), Atlas of Philippine coral reefs.Philippine Coral Reef Information (Philreefs), pp. 208-226. Goodwill Trading Co., Inc., Quezon, Philippines.
Endoh, K. 2007. Angelfishes of the World. Two Little Fishies, Inc., Miami Gardens, Florida.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 October 2010).
Kulbicki, M. and Williams, J.T. 1997. Checklist of the shorefishes of Ouvea Atoll, New Caledonia. Atoll Research Bulletin 444: 26.
Kulbicki, M., Randall, J.E. and Rivaton, J. 1994. Checklist of the fishes of the Chesterfield Islands (Coral Sea). Micronesica 27(1/2): 1-43.
Myers, R.F. 1991. Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam.
Pyle, R. 2001. Pomacanthidae: Angelfishes. In: K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds), FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae), pp. 3266-3286. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. and Steene, R.C. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Randall, J.E., Ida, H., Kato, K., Pyle, R.L. and Earle, J.L. 1997. Annotated checklist of inshore fishes of the Ogasawara Islands. National Science Museum Monographs, Tokyo, Japan.
Randall, J.E., Williams, J.T., Smith, D.G., Kulbicki, M., Tham, G.M., Labrosse, P., Kronen, M., Clua, E. and Mann, B.S. 2003. Checklist of the shore and epipelagic fishes of Tonga. Atoll Research Bulletin 502: 1-37.
Steene, R.C. 1978. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. A.H. and A.W. Reed Pty Ltd., Australia.
Wass, R.C. 1984. An annotated checklist of the fishes of Samoa. Special Scientific Report No. 781. National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration and National Marine Fisheries Service, Washington, USA.
|Citation:||Pyle, R. & Rocha, L.A. 2010. Centropyge heraldi. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 14 March 2014.|
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