|Scientific Name:||Chaetodon meyeri Bloch & Schneider, 1801|
Holacanthus flavoniger Lacepède, 1802
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Myers, R. & Pratchett, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Elfes, C., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S. & Carpenter, K.E.|
While there have been no declines documented, this species is dependent on live coral cover, which may therefore make it susceptible to habitat loss. However, it has a relatively wide distribution, apparently large population and no obvious major threats other than coral loss. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species occurs throughout the Indo-Pacific (Pyle 2001), from the east African coast from as far south as Durban, South Africa (Burgess 1978), east to the Line Islands (Kiribati and USA) and Hawaii (Steene 1978), north to the Ryukyu Islands (southern Japan) and south to the Great Barrier Reef (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006). Vagrants have been recorded as far east as the Galapagos Islands (Chile) and the Revillagigedo Islands (Mexico). It has been recorded from depths of 2-30 m.|
Native:Australia; British Indian Ocean Territory; Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Comoros; Ecuador (Galápagos); Fiji; French Polynesia; French Southern Territories (Mozambique Channel Is.); India (Andaman Is., Nicobar Is.); Indonesia; Japan; Kenya; Kiribati (Phoenix Is.); Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Mauritius; Mayotte; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nauru; New Caledonia; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Réunion; Seychelles; Solomon Islands; Somalia; South Africa; Sri Lanka; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Tonga; Tuvalu; United States Minor Outlying Islands (US Line Is.); Vanuatu
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Indian Ocean – western; Indian Ocean – eastern; Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – southeast; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This species is widespread, but generally uncommon. This species is reliant on live coral for food, but population trends in relation to coral loss have not been studied.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Populations of this species are associated with areas of rich coral in clear water lagoons and on seaward reefs. Adults occur as individuals or in pairs, and exhibit home-ranging behaviour. Juveniles are usually observed among branching corals. It is an obligate corallivore, but probably feeds on coral mucus, rather than coral tissue.|
|Use and Trade:||This species is rarely exported through the aquarium trade (Pyle 2001). This species is caught in artisanal fisheries.|
This species relies on live coral for food and/or recruitment, and may therefore decline in abundance following climate-induced coral depletion (Pratchett et al. 2008). Currently there has been no documented declines associated with coral loss, and there appear to be no other major threats to this species.
There appear to be no species-specific conservation measures in place. This species is present within marine protected areas. Monitoring of this species is needed in conjunction with coral monitoring, as well as determination of the degree of co-dependence between this species and corals.
Burgess, W.E. 1978. Butterflyfishes of the world. A monograph of the Family Chaetodontidae. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey.
Humann, P. and Deloach, N. 1993. Reef fish identification: Galápagos. New World Publications, Florida, USA.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 October 2010).
Lieske, E. and Myers, R. 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific and Caribbean including the Red Sea. Harper Collins Publishers.
Pratchett, M.S., Munday, P.L., Wilson, S.K., Graham, N.A.J., Cinner, J.E., Bellwood, D.R., Jones, G.P., Polunin, N.V.C. and McClanahan, T.R. 2008. Effects of climate-induced coral bleaching on coral reef fishes - Ecological and economic consequences. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review 46: 251-296.
Pyle, R. 2001. Chaetodontidae. Butterflyfishes. In: K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds), FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae), pp. 3224-3265. FAO, Rome.
Randall, J.E., Williams, J.T., Smith, D.G., Kulbicki, M., Tham, G.M., Labrosse, P., Kronen, M., Clua, E. and Mann, B.S. 2003. Checklist of the shore and epipelagic fishes of Tonga. Atoll Research Bulletin 502: 1-37.
Steene, R.C. 1978. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. A.H. and A.W. Reed Pty Ltd., Australia.
|Citation:||Myers, R. & Pratchett, M. 2010. Chaetodon meyeri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T165638A6075990.Downloaded on 24 October 2017.|
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