|Scientific Name:||Chaetodon kleinii|
|Species Authority:||Bloch, 1790|
Anisochaetodon kleinii (Bloch, 1790)
Chaetodon bellulus Thiollière, 1857
Chaetodon cingulatus Fowler, 1934
Chaetodon corallicola Snyder, 1904
Chaetodon flavescens Bennett, 1831
Chaetodon kleini Bloch, 1790
Chaetodon melammystax Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Chaetodon melastomus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Chaetodon virescens Cuvier, 1831
Choetodon kleinii Bloch, 1790
Tetragonoptrus kleini (Bloch, 1790)
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Rocha, L.A., Pyle, R., Myers, R., Craig, M.T. & Pratchett, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Elfes, C., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S. & Carpenter, K.E.|
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, large population and no apparent major threats.
|Range Description:||This species is widely distributed throughout most of the Indo-Pacific region, from coastal East Africa to central and western Pacific, including the Hawaiian Islands and Rapa Iti to the east, extending northwards to southern Japan and south to Lord Howe Island (Australia). Vagrants are occasionally seen in the eastern Pacific and at the Galapagos Islands (Ecuador) (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006). Occurs at depths from 2-61 m but usually below 10 m.
Range size ~66.2 million km2, from values estimated by Jones et al. (2002) based on projection of distribution maps from Allen et al. (1998).
Native:American Samoa (American Samoa); Australia; China; Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Comoros; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; India (Andaman Is., Nicobar Is.); Indonesia; Japan; Kenya; Kiribati; Korea, Republic of; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Mauritius; Mayotte; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Mozambique; Myanmar; Nauru; New Caledonia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Réunion; Samoa; Seychelles; Singapore; Solomon Islands; Somalia; South Africa; Sri Lanka; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Tokelau; Tonga; Tuvalu; United States (Hawaiian Is.); Vanuatu; Viet Nam; Wallis and Futuna
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Indian Ocean – eastern; Indian Ocean – western; Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – southwest; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
It is generally common with stable populations (G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006). It is common in New Guinea and Queensland (Australia) (Steene 1978). This species was not observed during a recent survey conducted at the Galapagos Archipelago (Edgar et al. 2004).
Common species: mean of 0.87 individuals per 200 m2 in northern
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is associated with rocky reefs and coral-rich areas (sometimes interspersed with sandy bottoms) of lagoons, channels and outer reef slopes. Occurs singly, in pairs, or occasionally in larger aggregations of up to about 30 individuals (Myers 1991), sometimes high in the water column. It is a facultative corallivore, feeding on hard and soft corals, as well as algae, hydroids and zooplankton.|
|Use and Trade:||
This species is frequently exported through the aquarium trade (Pyle 2001). This species is important to subsistence fisheries (Mangi and Roberts 2006).
Approximately 7,000 individuals traded between 1988-2002 (Global Marine Aquarium Database 2009).
|Major Threat(s):||There appear to be no major threats to this species.|
|Conservation Actions:||There appear to be no species-specific conservation measures in place. This species is present within a number of marine protected areas.|
Allen, G.R., Steene, R. and Allen, M. 1998. A guide to angelfishes and butterflyfishes. Odyssey Publishing/Tropical Reef Research.
Burgess, W.E. 1978. Butterflyfishes of the world. A monograph of the Family Chaetodontidae. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey.
Edgar, G.J., Banks, S., Farina, J.M., Calvopina, M. and Martínez, C. 2004. Regional biogreography of shallow reef fish and macro-invertebrate communities in the Galapagos archipelago. Journal of Biogeography 31: 1107-1124.
Global Marine Aquarium Database. 2009. World Conservation Monitoring Centre, UNEP.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 October 2010).
Jones, G.P., Caley, M.J. and Munday, P.L. 2002. Rarity in coral reef fish communities. In: P.F. Sale (ed.), Coral reef fishes; Dynamics and diversity in a complex ecosystem, pp. 81-101. Academic Press.
Mangi, S.C. and Roberts, C.M. 2006. Quantifying environmental impacts of artisanal fishing gear on Kenya’s coral reef ecosystems. Marine Pollution Bulletin 52: 1646-1660.
Myers, R.F. 1991. Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam.
Pratchett, M.S. and Berumen, M.L. 2008. Interspecific variation in ditributions and diets of coral reef butterflyfishes (Teleostei: Chaetodontidae). Journal of Fish Biology 73: 1730-1747.
Pyle, R. 2001. Chaetodontidae. Butterflyfishes. In: K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds), FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae), pp. 3224-3265. FAO, Rome.
Randall, J.E., Williams, J.T., Smith, D.G., Kulbicki, M., Tham, G.M., Labrosse, P., Kronen, M., Clua, E. and Mann, B.S. 2003. Checklist of the shore and epipelagic fishes of Tonga. Atoll Research Bulletin 502: 1-37.
Steene, R.C. 1978. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. A.H. and A.W. Reed Pty Ltd., Australia.
|Citation:||Rocha, L.A., Pyle, R., Myers, R., Craig, M.T. & Pratchett, M. 2010. Chaetodon kleinii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 03 August 2015.|
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