|Scientific Name:||Chaetodon mertensii Cuvier, 1831|
Chaetodon dixoni Regan, 1904
Chaetodon mertensi Cuvier, 1831
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Allen, G. & Myers, R.|
|Reviewer(s):||Elfes, C., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S. & Carpenter, K.E.|
This species is relatively widespread and generally common. There are no major threats to this species. It is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species occurs throughout western and southern Pacific from Vietnam and the Philippines to Easter Island, north to the Ryukyu and Ogasawara Islands (in Japan), and south to central New South Wales, Lord Howe Island and Rapa. It is absent from Indonesia apart from Halmahera to northern Papua. It has been recorded from 10-120 m.|
Native:American Samoa; Australia; Chile (Easter Is.); Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Indonesia; Japan; Marshall Islands; Micronesia, Federated States of ; New Caledonia; Niue; Norfolk Island; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Pitcairn; Samoa; Solomon Islands; Sri Lanka; Taiwan, Province of China; Tokelau; Tonga; United States Minor Outlying Islands (US Line Is.); Vanuatu; Viet Nam; Wallis and Futuna
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – southeast; Pacific – southwest; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is generally common. There is no data on population trends for this species, but no reason to suspect that it is declining (or increasing).|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is associated with rocky or coral-covered reefs of lagoons and outer slopes. It is frequently seen adjacent to steep slopes and drop-offs (Steene 1978, G.R. Allen pers. comm. 2006). It is usually found as pairs or solitary animals (Steene 1978, Pyle 2001). It has an omnivorous diet (Pyle 2001).|
|Use and Trade:||This species is frequently exported through the aquarium trade (Pyle 2001).|
|Major Threat(s):||There appear to be no major threats to this species. Collection is limited and not considered to be affecting the global population.|
|Conservation Actions:||There appear to be no species-specific conservation measures in place. It is likely that this species occurs within marine protected areas.|
Allen, G.R. and Adrim, M. 2003. Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zoological Studies 42(1): 1-72.
Burgess, W.E. 1978. Butterflyfishes of the world. A monograph of the Family Chaetodontidae. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey.
Dantis, A.L. and Aliño, P.M. 2002. Checklist of Philippine reef fishes. In: P.M. Aliño, E.F.B. Miclat, C.L. Nañola Jr., H.A. Roa-Quiaoit and R.T. Campos (eds), Atlas of Philippine coral reefs.Philippine Coral Reef Information (Philreefs), pp. 208-226. Goodwill Trading Co., Inc., Quezon, Philippines.
De la Paz, R.M., Aragones, N. and Agulto, D. 1988. Coral-reef fishes off western Calatagan, Batangas (Luzon Island, Philippines) with notes on new and rare captures and controversial taxa. Philippinnes Journal Science 117: 237-318.
Francis, M.P. 1993. Checklist of the coastal fishes of Lord Howe, Norfolk, and Kermadec Islands, Southwest Pacific Ocean. Pacific Scientific 47(2): 136-170.
Harborne, A.R., Gill, A.B., Raines, P.S. and Ridley, J.M. 1996. Danjugan Island marine reserve. Summary report to the Philippine Reef and Rainforest Conservation Foundation.
Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. and Allen, G.R. 2006. Fishes. In: P.L. Beesley and A. Wells (eds), Zoological Catalogue of Australia, pp. 2178. Australian Biological Resources Study and Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 October 2010).
Johnson, J.W. 1999. Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43(2), 709-762.
Kailola, P.J. 1987. The fishes of Papua New Guinea: a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. I Myxinidae to Synbranchidae. Research Bulletin No. 41. Research Section, Department of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.
Kulbicki, M. and Williams, J.T. 1997. Checklist of the shorefishes of Ouvea Atoll, New Caledonia. Atoll Research Bulletin 444: 26.
Kulbicki, M., Randall, J.E. and Rivaton, J. 1994. Checklist of the fishes of the Chesterfield Islands (Coral Sea). Micronesica 27(1/2): 1-43.
Masuda, H., Amaoka, K., Araga, C., Uyeno, T. and Yoshino, T. 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan.
McManus, J.W., Nañola, Jr., C.L., Reyes Jr., R.B. and Kesner, K.N. 1992. Resource ecology of the Bolinao coral reef system. ICLARM Studies and Reviews.
Murdy, E.O., Ferraris Jr., C.J., Hoese, D.I. and Steene, R.C. 1981. Preliminary list of fishes from Sombrero Island, Philippines, with fifteen new records. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 94(4): 1163-1173.
Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam.
Pereira, M.A.M. 2000. Preliminary Checklist of Reef-associated Fishes of Mozambique. MICOA, Maputo.
Pyle, R. 2001. Chaetodontidae. Butterflyfishes. In: K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds), FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae), pp. 3224-3265. FAO, Rome.
Randall, J.E. 1973. Tahitian fish names and a preliminary checklist of the fishes of the society of islands. Occasional Papers of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum 24(11): 167-214.
Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. and Steene, R.C. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Randall, J.E. and Lim, K.K.P. 2000. A checklist of the fishes of the South China Sea. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 8: 569-667.
Randall, J.E., Ida, H., Kato, K., Pyle, R.L. and Earle, J.L. 1997. Annotated checklist of inshore fishes of the Ogasawara Islands. National Science Museum Monographs, Tokyo, Japan.
Randall, J.E., Williams, J.T., Smith, D.G., Kulbicki, M., Tham, G.M., Labrosse, P., Kronen, M., Clua, E. and Mann, B.S. 2003. Checklist of the shore and epipelagic fishes of Tonga. Atoll Research Bulletin 502: 1-37.
Steene, R.C. 1978. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. A.H. and A.W. Reed Pty Ltd., Australia.
Tettelbach, S., Carroll, J. and Reisman, H. 2003. Fishes of Vanuatu. Report of the Tropical Marine Biology group, Southampton College of Long Island University, Southampton, New York, New York, USA.
Thresher, R.E. and Colin, P.L. 1986. Trophic structure, diversity and abundance of fishes of the deep reef (30-300 m) at Enewetak, Marshall Islands. Bulletin of Marine Science 38(1): 253-272.
Wass, R.C. 1984. An annotated checklist of the fishes of Samoa. Special Scientific Report No. 781. National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration and National Marine Fisheries Service, Washington, USA.
Zug, G.R., Springer,V.G., Williams, J.T. and Johnson, G.D. 1989. The vertebrates of Rotuma and surrounding waters. Atoll Research Bulletin 316: 25.
|Citation:||Allen, G. & Myers, R. 2010. Chaetodon mertensii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T165615A6068709.Downloaded on 18 March 2018.|