|Scientific Name:||Abida secale|
|Species Authority:||(Draparnaud, 1801)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Several subspecies have been described (Kokshoorn and Gittenberger 2010).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Ward, J. & Cuttelod, A.|
The species has a relatively large distribution area and the habitat of the species is not affected significantly by human activity, therefore it is assessed as Least Concern (LC).
This species has also been assessed at the regional level as:
EU27 regional assessment: Least Concern (LC) at the level of the 27 member states of the European Union.
European regional assessment: Least Concern (LC).
|Range Description:||This is a widespread species, which is found from Spain to western Slovakia, Romania and England.|
Native:Andorra; Austria; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; France (France (mainland)); Germany; Italy (Italy (mainland), Sardegna); Liechtenstein; Luxembourg; Romania; Slovakia; Spain (Spain (mainland)); Switzerland; United Kingdom (Great Britain)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There is no information on population trends, but there is no reason to assume that the population is unstable or extremely fluctuating.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||According to AnimalBase, the species inhabits rocks and rock rubble in forests (not too dark), in trees, on calcareous substrate or on meadows with bare rocks showing through. It can be found above the timberline, up to 2,700 m asl. In France it is also found in dense populations in dry and sunny meadows devoid of rocks. In Britain it is usually in unshaded habitats.|
|Use and Trade:||The species is not used.|
|Major Threat(s):||It is a potential threat to this species if the rocks are destroyed by quarrying, by road construction or by other reasons. According to AnimalBase (2010) in central Europe it threatened by habitat destruction in forest management, and in Britain by changes of land use. However the total destruction of the whole habitat is not very likely, therefore this threat is mostly hypothetical.|
Several sub-populations inhabit protected areas. The species is of Lower Concern in Austria, decreasing (4R) in Bavaria outside the Alps and Lower Concern in Germany (Reischütz 2007, Falkner et al. 2002). No conservation actions are currently required.
AnimalBase Project Group. 2010. AnimalBase. Early zoological literature online. Available at: www.animalbase.uni-goettingen.de.
Falkner, G., Ripken, T.E.J. and Falkner, M. 2002. Mollusques continentaux de la France: Liste de Référence annotée et Bibliographie. Patrimoines Naturels.
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.1). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 16 June 2011).
Kokshoorn, B. and Gittenberger, E. 2010. Chondrinidae taxonomy revisited: New synonymies, new taxa, and a checklist of species and subspecies (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Pulmonata). Zootaxa 2539: 1-62.
Reischütz, A. and Reischütz, P.L. 2007. Rote Liste der Weichtiere (Mollusca) Österreichs. In: Zulka, K.P. (ed.), Rote Listen gefährdeter Tiere Österreichs Teil 2: Kriechtiere, Lurche, Fische, Nachtfalter, Weichtiere., pp. 363-433. Böhlau Verlag, Wien.
|Citation:||Pall-Gergely, B. 2013. Abida secale. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 August 2015.|
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