|Scientific Name:||Emmericia expansilabris|
|Species Authority:||Bourguignat, 1880|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1|
|Reviewer(s):||Feher, Z., Seddon, M.B. & Nichols, C.|
This taxon is endemic to Croatia, where it is geographically restricted, and although nothing is known about the specific threats and population status, the general threats to habitats in the region (habitat degradation and over abstraction of water) suggest that the species could be listed as Vulnerable (VU), pending further research on the taxonomic status, or Data Deficient (DD) due to the lack of data. On the basis of the precautionary principle it is listed as Vulnerable (VU D2) pending better data on the range and taxonomic status.
|Range Description:||This species is endemic to Croatia and the caves at Ombla source (type locality) is the only location where it has been found in quantity, but often the material contains shell fragments, as it is found in material which washes out from the cave system. Schütt (2000) suggests that the three species of Emmercia, including this species, might be present in the Dalmatian and Montenegrina coastal strip from Metkovia to Kotor.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The population trend for this species is unknown, however Schütt (2000) comments that the species was frequent in the Ombla system (type locality).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is found in outflow water from underground rivers.|
|Use and Trade:||This species is not utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||Although nothing is known about the specific threats and population status, there are general threats to habitats in this region from pollution (domestic and agricultural sources) and over-abstraction of water (domestic and tourism purposes).|
|Conservation Actions:||This species was listed on a Council of Europe report on the status of Emerald Network Pilot Project in Serbia and Montenegro. It was one of several species proposed as an addition to the Emerald List of Protected Species (2006). However there are no known conservation actions are in place for this species. Research on the population size, distribution and trends, and threats to this species is recommended.|
IUCN. 2011. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2011.2). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 10 November 2011).
Komarek, J. 1953. Herkunft der Süßwasser-Endemiten der dinarischen Gebirge, Revision der Arten, Artentstehung bei Höhlentieren. Archiv für Hydrobiologie 48(3): 269–349.
Pajević, A. 2006. Emerald Network Pilot Project in Serbia and Montenegro. In: Council of Europe (ed.), Group of Experts for the setting up of the Emerald Network of Areas of Special Conservation Interest. Council of Europe, Malta Environment & Planning Authority.
Schutt, H. 2000. Die hohlenmollusken der omblaquelle (The subterranean molluscs of the Ombla Spring). Natura Croatica 9(3): 203-215.
|Citation:||Pešić, V. 2011. Emmericia expansilabris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 April 2015.|
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