|Scientific Name:||Centropyge loricula|
|Species Authority:||(Günther, 1874)|
Centropyge flammeus Woods & Schultz, 1953
Centropyge loricula (Günther, 1874) [orth. error]
Holacanthus loriculus Günther, 1874
|Taxonomic Notes:||Specimens from the Marquesas Island lack the vertical black bars (Pyle 2001).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Allen, G., Fricke, R., Pyle, R. & Myers, R.|
|Reviewer(s):||Elfes, C., Polidoro, B., Carpenter, K.E. & Livingstone, S.|
|Contributor(s):||De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P., Smith, J. & Livingston, F.|
Although this species is commercially harvested for the aquarium trade, this threat is unlikely to be impacting this species throughout its entire broad distribution. This species has also been bred in captivity which may eventually meet some of the demand of the aquarium trade. This species may also be suffering declines due to habitat degradation, however, this is a localized threat only and much of the coral reefs in this species distribution are reported to be relatively healthy. Monitoring of the harvest levels and habitat status of this species is needed to ensure these threats do not become more widespread in the future and result in significant population decline. It is listed as Least Concern.
|Range Description:||This species is distributed throughout the tropical waters of the central Pacific Ocean (Pyle 2001) from the Philippines, east to the Pitcairn Islands (UK), and Tonga (Randall et al. 2003) north to the Northern Marianas Islands and Hawaii (USA), and south to New Caledonia and Queensland (Australia). The species is found at a depth range of 15-60 m.|
Native:Australia (Queensland); Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; Marshall Islands; Micronesia, Federated States of ; New Caledonia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Pitcairn; Samoa; Solomon Islands; Tonga; Tuvalu; United States (Hawaiian Is.); Vanuatu; Wallis and Futuna
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – southwest; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
This species is considered to be common to abundant, with relatively stable populations (R. Pyle pers. comm. 2009).
|Habitat and Ecology:||It can be found on the foreslope of coral reefs and clear lagoons. This species, which forms harems of three to seven individuals, feeds on algae and is secretive and stays near shelter.|
|Use and Trade:||Frequently exported through the aquarium trade (Pyle 2001).|
|Major Threat(s):||This species is commercially harvested for the aquarium trade (FAO 1999). It is frequently taken, although individuals are of relatively low value (R. Pyle pers. comm. 2009). It is only taken in a few areas of its broad geographic range. This species has been bred in captivity. This species may also be impacted by coral reef degradation, caused by destructive fishing practices, coastal development and tourism. However, this is a localized threat only and much of the suitable habitat in this species range is in relatively good condition.|
|Conservation Actions:||The distribution of this species falls within numerous designated marine protected areas in the Pacific, including 13 sites around New Caledonia all of which are strict 'no-take' areas to conserve biodiversity (Lovell et al. 2004). Monitoring of the harvest levels and habitat status of this species is needed.|
Abraham, T., Beger, M., Burdick, D., Cochrane, E., Craig, P., Didonato, G., Fenner, D., Green, A., Golbuu, Y., Gutierrez, J., Hasurmai, M., Hawkins, C., Houk, P., Idip, D., Jacobson, D., Joseph, E., Keju, T., Kuartei, J., Palik, S., Penland, L., Pinca, S., Rikim, K., Starmer, J., Trianni, M., Victor, S. and Whaylen, L. 2004. Status of the coral reefs in Micronesia and American Samoa. In: C. Wilkinson (ed.), Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2004, pp. 381-411. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.
Allen, G.R., Steene, R. and Allen, M. 1998. A guide to angelfishes and butterflyfishes. Odyssey Publishing/Tropical Reef Research.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 1999. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae). FAO, Rome, Italy.
Froese, R. and Pauly, D. 2006. FishBase. Available at: www.fishbase.org.
Hardy Jr., J.D. 2003. Coral reef fish species. National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC) Coral Reef Data and Information Management System. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Oceanographic Data Center.
IUCN. 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (ver. 2010.4). Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 27 October 2010).
Kailola, P.J. 1987. The fishes of Papua New Guinea: a revised and annotated checklist. Vol. II Scorpaenidae to Callionymidae. Research Bulletin No. 41. Research Section, Department of Fisheries and Marine Resources, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.
Kulbicki, M. and Williams, J.T. 1997. Checklist of the shorefishes of Ouvea Atoll, New Caledonia. Atoll Research Bulletin 444: 26.
Lovell, E., Sykes, H., Deiye, M., Wantiez, L., Garrigue, C., Virly, S., Samuelu, J., Solofa, A., Poulasi, T., Pakoa, K., Sabetian, A., Afzal, D., Hughes, A. and Sulu, R. 2004. Status of coral reefs in the southwest Pacific: Fiji, Nauru, New Caledonia, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. In: C. Wilkinson (ed.), Status of coral reefs of the world: 2004, pp. 337-362. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.
Masuda, H. and Allen, G.R. 1993. Meeresfische der Welt - Groß-Indopazifische Region. Tetra Verlag, Melle, Germany.
McCormack, G. 2000. Cook Islands biodiversity and natural heritage database. Available at: http://cookislands.bishopmuseum.org/.
Myers, R.F. 1991. Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam.
Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian reef fishes: a comprehensive guide to the coral reef fishes of Micronesia. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam.
Pyle, R. 2001. Pomacanthidae: Angelfishes. In: K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds), FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae), pp. 3266-3286. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Randall, J.E. 1985. Guide to Hawaiian reef fishes. Harrowood Books, Newtown Square, PA, USA.
Randall, J.E. 1986. 106 new records of fishes from the Marshall Islands. Bulletin of Marine Science 38(1): 170-252.
Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. and Steene, R.C. 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Randall, J.E., Williams, J.T., Smith, D.G., Kulbicki, M., Tham, G.M., Labrosse, P., Kronen, M., Clua, E. and Mann, B.S. 2003. Checklist of the shore and epipelagic fishes of Tonga. Atoll Research Bulletin 502: 1-37.
Steene, R.C. 1978. Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. A.H. and A.W. Reed Pty Ltd., Australia.
Tettelbach, S., Carroll, J. and Reisman, H. 2003. Fishes of Vanuatu. Report of the Tropical Marine Biology group, Southampton College of Long Island University, Southampton, New York, New York, USA.
Tun, K., Chou, L.M., Cabanban, A., Tuan, V.S., Philreefs, Yeemin, T., Suharsono, Sour, K. and Lane, D. 2004. Status of coral reefs, coral reef monitoring and management in southeast Asia, 2004. In: C. Wilkinson (ed.), Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2004, pp. 235-276. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.
Wass, R.C. 1984. An annotated checklist of the fishes of Samoa. Special Scientific Report No. 781. National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration and National Marine Fisheries Service, Washington, USA.
Werner, T.B. and Allen, G.R. 1998. Reef fishes of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. In: T.B. Werner and G.R. Allen (eds), A Rapid Marine Biodiversity Assessment of Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea--Survey II (2000). Conservation International, Washington, USA.
|Citation:||Allen, G., Fricke, R., Pyle, R. & Myers, R. 2010. Centropyge loricula. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 March 2015.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please provide us with feedback so that we can correct or extend the information provided|