|Scientific Name:||Acerodon mackloti|
|Species Authority:||(Temminck, 1837)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||The species name is sometimes spelled macklotii.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable A3cd ver 3.1|
|Contributor(s):||Hutson, A.M., Helgen, K., Maryanto, I., Suyanto, A. & Sinaga, U.|
Listed as Vulnerable as it is suspected that this species will undergo a population reduction of more than 30% in the next 15 years (three generations). The species is restricted to large islands, is undergoing a continuing decline due to hunting (at roosts, and they are often seen in markets), roost disturbance and massive forest loss due to logging.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||The Sunda Flying Fox is endemic to Indonesia, and appears to be restricted to the Lesser Sunda Islands (Nusa Tenggara) including, from west to east, the islands of Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba, Flores, Timor, Alor and Moyo.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The population status and trend are unknown. It is believed to be uncommon (I. Maryanto pers. comm.).|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is a coastal species occurring from sea level up to 450 m asl, and roosts in colonies of 300-500 individuals. It has been observed roosting in a mango tree together with Pteropus vampiris and is most often caught in gardens and secondary forests (U. Sinaga pers. comm.).|
|Generation Length (years):||5|
|Use and Trade:||For information on use and trade see under Threats.|
|Major Threat(s):||Threats to this species include hunting (at roosts, and they are often seen in markets), roost loss and disturbance of populations at roost sites (Sagot and Chaverri 2015), and massive forest loss due to logging in Nusa Tenggara.|
Current conservation efforts
The species may occur in protected areas. Surveys for this species are required on the island of Komodo. It is listed on CITES Appendix II.
Studies are needed on the species’ population sizes, distribution, and extent of occurrence throughout its range. Monitoring of population sizes and locations over time are also important to establish whether these are stable or experiencing trends of decline.
The threats to these bats are poorly understood. Studies are needed on the species’ habitat requirements and on the effects of forest loss and degradation on the species’ population sizes/distribution. Research is also needed on the amount of hunting and the level of bushmeat trade, and the effects of that hunting on population sizes and persistence.
Effective roost site protection efforts are needed to minimize hunting mortality and disturbance to non-target individuals. Similar to most threatened flying foxes, local capacity building for conservation managers and education and awareness within local communities are greatly needed to support conservation efforts.
Helgen, K. M. and Wilson, D. E. 2002. The bats of Flores, Indonesia, with remarks on Asian Tadarida. Breviora 511: 1-12.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 30 June 2016).
Sagot, M. and Chaverri, G. 2015. Effects of roost specialization on extinction risk in bats. Conservation Biology 29(6): 1666-1673.
|Citation:||Mildenstein, T. 2016. Acerodon mackloti. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T142A21989107.Downloaded on 31 July 2016.|
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