Paremballonura tiavato 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Chiroptera Emballonuridae

Scientific Name: Paremballonura tiavato Goodman, Cardiff, Ranivo, Russell & Yoder, 2006
Common Name(s):
English Western Sheath-tailed Bat
Emballonura tiavato Goodman, Cardiff, Ranivo, Russell & Yoder, 2006
Taxonomic Source(s): Goodman, S.M., Puechmaille, S.J., Friedli-Weyeneth, N., Gerlach, J., Ruedi, M., Corrie Schoeman, M., Stanley, W.T. and Teeling, E.C. 2012. Phylogeny of the Emballonurini (Emballonuridae) with descriptions of a new genus and species from Madagascar. Journal of Mammalogy 93(6): 15440-1455.
Taxonomic Notes: Recently described as a new species in a split from Emballonura atrata (Goodman et al. 2006).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2016-08-31
Assessor(s): Monadjem, A., Cardiff, S.G., Rakotoarivelo, A.R., Jenkins, R.K.B. & Ratrimomanarivo, F.H.
Reviewer(s): Piraccini, R.
This bat is listed as Least Concern because although this species is declining due to the impacts of ongoing forest loss due to shifting agriculture and logging the reduction of suitable habitat is not thought to be sufficient to warrant listing in a higher category of threat. However, this species is not abundant within its range and requires close population monitoring and a reassessment may be needed in the near future.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This recently described species is endemic to Madagascar (Goodman et al. 2006). It is restricted to the karstic lowland areas in the western part of the island, extending from the drier areas in the north in Diana Region to Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha in the west (Goodman et al. 2005). A record from Toliara in the extreme south has also been attributed to this species (Peterson et al. 1995), but the specimen was not examined as part of the recent reassessment of Emballonura taxonomy on Madagascar (Goodman et al. 2006). The distribution of this species would be significantly reduced if the Toliara specimen was omitted. It is currently known to range between 10 and 330 m elevation (Goodman et al. 2006).
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:15,012,267
Lower elevation limit (metres):10
Upper elevation limit (metres):330
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Roosting colonies of P. tiavato are usually relatively small (< 20 individuals).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It appears to be associated with relatively intact forest and is believed to be forest dependent (Goodman et al. 2005, 2006). It is usually found roosting in the entrances to narrow caves and overhangs on rocks that receive weak sunlight (Cardiff 2006, Goodman et al. 2006, Kofoky et al. 2007). At night it has been observed resting on buildings (Goodman et al. 2006). It feeds in forest understorey and over small streams with bank side vegetation (Robinson et al. 2006). Its diet includes Lepidoptera (Razakarivony et al. 2005).
Generation Length (years):2.45

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The species is threatened by habitat loss due to slash-and-burn agriculture (tavy) and from charcoal collecting and logging. Other potential threats come from the disturbance of roosting caves from tourists (Kofoky et al. 2007), fire (Jenkins et al. 2007) or mining (Cardiff 2006).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is known from three protected areas, Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha, Réserve Spéciale d’Ankarana, Réserve Spéciale d'Analamerana (Goodman et al. 2005).

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.5. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Dry
7. Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) -> 7.1. Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) - Caves
2. Land/water management -> 2.1. Site/area management

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Conservation sites identified:Yes, over entire range
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
2. Agriculture & aquaculture -> 2.1. Annual & perennial non-timber crops -> 2.1.1. Shifting agriculture
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

3. Energy production & mining -> 3.2. Mining & quarrying
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

6. Human intrusions & disturbance -> 6.1. Recreational activities
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 2. Species Stresses -> 2.2. Species disturbance

7. Natural system modifications -> 7.1. Fire & fire suppression -> 7.1.3. Trend Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing:Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats
3. Monitoring -> 3.1. Population trends

Bibliography [top]

Cardiff, S.G. 2006. Bat cave selection and conservation in Ankarana, Northern Madagascar. Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Columbia University.

Goodman, S.M., Andriafidison, D., Andrianaivoarivelo, R., Cardiff, S.G., Ifticene, E., Jenkins, R.K.B., Kofoky, A., Mbohoahy, T., Rakotondravony, D., Ranivo, J., Ratrimomanarivo, F., Razafimanahaka, J. and Racey, P.A. 2005. The distribution and conservation of bats in the dry regions of Madagascar. Animal Conservation 8: 153-165.

Goodman, S.M., Cardiff, S.G., Ranivo, J., Russell, A.L. and Yoder, A.D. 2006. A new species of Emballonura (Chiroptera: Emballonuridae) from the Dry Regions of Madagascar. American Museum Novitates 3538: 1-24.

Harper, G. J., Steininger, M. K., Tucker C. J., Juhn, D. and Hawkins, A. F. A. 2007. Fifty years of deforestation and fragmentation in Madagascar. Environmental Conservation 34: 1-9.

IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-2. Available at: (Accessed: 14 September 2017).

Jenkins, R. K. B., Kofoky, A. F, Russ, J. M.Friafidison, A., Siemers, B. M., Randrianandrianina, F. H., Mbohoahy, T., Rahaingodrahety, V. N and Racey, P. A. 2007. Ecology of Bats in the southern Anosy Region. In: J. U. Ganzhorn, S. M. Goodman, and M. Vincelette (eds), Biodiversity, ecology and conservation of littoral ecosystems in southeastern Madagascar, Tolagnaro (Fort Dauphin), Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA.

Kofoky, A.F., Andriafidison, D., Ratrimomanarivo, F.H., Razafimanahaka, H.J., Rakotondravony, D., Racey, P.A. and Jenkins, R.K.B. 2007. Habitat use, roost selection and conservation of bats in Tsingy de Bemaraha National Park, Madagascar. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 1039-1053.

Pacifici, M., Santini, L., Di Marco, M., Baisero, D., Francucci, L., Grottolo Marasini, G., Visconti, P. and Rondinini, C. 2013. Generation length for mammals. Nature Conservation 5: 87–94.

Peterson, R.L., Eger, J.L. and Mitchell, L. 1995. Faune de Madagascar. Chiropteres. Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France.

Razakarivony, V., Rajemison, B. and Goodman, S.M. 2005. The diet of Malagasy Microchiroptera based on stomach contents. Mammalian Biology 70(5): 312-316.

Robinson, J.E., D'Cruze, N.C., Dawson, J.S. and Green, K.E. 2006. Bat survey in Montagne de Francais, Antsiranana, northern Madagascar (6 April - 14 December 2005). African Bat Conservation News 9: 8-12.

Citation: Monadjem, A., Cardiff, S.G., Rakotoarivelo, A.R., Jenkins, R.K.B. & Ratrimomanarivo, F.H. 2017. Paremballonura tiavato. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T136835A22040708. . Downloaded on 20 June 2018.
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