Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Erethizontidae

Scientific Name: Sphiggurus pruinosus
Species Authority: (Thomas, 1905)
Taxonomic Notes: This species formally was treated into Coendou. Bonvicino et al. (2000) suggested that Coendou and Sphiggurus represent distinct lineages that have evolved by different chromosomal mechanisms (Woods and Kilpatrick 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Delgado, C. & Gómez-Laverde, M.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
This species is listed as Least Concern in because of its wide distribution, presumed large population, occurrence in a number of protected areas, tolerance to some degree of habitat modification, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The species is known only from the foothills and the crest of the Cordillera Oriental of Colombia, the disjunct Serrania de la Macarena, and from western and northern Venezuela. The known range of this species in Venezuela includes the foothills of the Serrania de Perija, the lowlands of the western Maracaibo Basin, the Cordillera de Merida, and the Cordillera de la Costa (Voss and de Silva, 2001). It has an altitudinal range of 54 to 2,600 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Colombia; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Lower elevation limit (metres): 54
Upper elevation limit (metres): 2600
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is apparently rare, known only from a few specimens; however, like other species of porcupine, the species could be just difficult to record.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species inhabits lowland rainforest, but at higher elevations the typical habitat is probably cloud forest (Voss and de Silva, 2001). To the best of our knowledge, no specimens have been taken in unforested (e.g., savanna or paramo) landscapes. In a freshly dissected specimen the stomach was full of brownish paste, possibly consisting of chewed bark; no insect parts, seeds, or other identifiable food fragments were observed (Voss and da Silva, 2001).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The species is threatened in parts of its range by deforestation.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species occurs in some protected areas.

Classifications [top]

1. Forest -> 1.6. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Lowland
suitability: Suitable  
1. Forest -> 1.9. Forest - Subtropical/Tropical Moist Montane
suitability: Suitable  

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
  Occur in at least one PA:Yes
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education
5. Biological resource use -> 5.3. Logging & wood harvesting -> 5.3.5. Motivation Unknown/Unrecorded
♦ timing: Ongoing    
→ Stresses
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.1. Ecosystem conversion
  • 1. Ecosystem stresses -> 1.2. Ecosystem degradation

1. Research -> 1.2. Population size, distribution & trends
1. Research -> 1.3. Life history & ecology
1. Research -> 1.5. Threats

Bibliography [top]

Bonvicino, C. R. F., Almeida, F. C. and Cerquerira, R. 2000. The karyotype of Sphiggurus villosus (Rodentia: Erethizontidae). Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 35: 81-83.

Voss, R. S. and Da Silva, M. N. F. 2001. Revisionary notes on neotropical porcupines (Rodentia, Erethizontidae). 2. A review of the Coendou vestitus group with descriptions of two new species from Amazonia. American Museum Novitates 3351: 36 pp.

Woods, C. A. and Kilpatrick, C. W. 2005. Infraorder Hystricognathi. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 1538-1599. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Citation: Delgado, C. & Gómez-Laverde, M. 2008. Sphiggurus pruinosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T136485A4298737. . Downloaded on 10 October 2015.
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