|Scientific Name:||Coregonus stigmaticus|
|Species Authority:||Regan, 1908|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B2ab(ii,iii,v) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Bogutskaya, N., & Smith, K. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)|
The species is only known from four lakes in Cumbria, UK. Haweswater (3 km²), Ullswater (14 km²), Brotherswater (<0.5 km²) and Red Tarn (<0.5 km²). The population has strongly declined in Hawswater (17% of its total range) which is still ongoing, due to water abstraction and cormorant predation. The area of occupancy of the species is around 20 km².
|Range Description:||England: Lakes Haweswater, Ullswaterand, Brotherswater and Red Tarn (Cumbria).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||In Haweswater the population has seen a decline. Stable in the other three lakes.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Lacustrine, in open water.
Spawns in January-February, in shallow bays on stones and gravel. Feeds on crustaceans and insects.
|Major Threat(s):||Water abstraction and cormorant predation.|
|Conservation Actions:||Cormorant control measures are being practised. Reducing the level of water abstraction.|
IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 5 October 2008).
Kottelat, M. 1997. European freshwater fishes. An heuristic checklist of the freshwater fishes of Europe (exclusive of former USSR), with an introduction for non-sys tematists and comments on nomenclature and conservation.
Kottelat, M. and Freyhof, J. 2007. Handbook of European Freshwater Fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland.
Maitland, P.S. 2004. Keys to the freshwater fish of Britain and Ireland, with notes on their distribution and ecology.
Regan, C.T. 1908. A revision of the British and Irish fishes of the genus Coregonus.
Regan, C.T. 1911. The freshwater fishes of the British Isles. Methuen, London.
|Citation:||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Coregonus stigmaticus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 29 January 2015.|
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