Dicentrarchus labrax 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Moronidae

Scientific Name: Dicentrarchus labrax (Linnaeus, 1758)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English European Seabass, Bass, Capemouth, Common Bass, European Bass, King Of The Mullets, Sea Dace, Sea Perch, White Mullet, White Salmon
French Bar, Bar Commun, Bar Européen, Bar Franc, Bog, Brigue, Drelique, Gutgareo, Loubas Negre, Loubine, Loupassou, Loup de Mer, Lubin, Luvassu, Pigne
Spanish Baieta, Baila, Cherne, Llop, Llubina, Lubaro, Lubina, Mero, Pintat, Robaliza, Robalo
Centropomus lupus Lacepède, 1802
Centropomus mullus Lacepède, 1802
Labrax linnei Malm, 1877
Labrax vulgaris Guérin-Méneville, 1829-38
Morone labrax (Linnaeus, 1758)
Perca elongata Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817
Perca labrax Linnaeus, 1758
Perca sinuosa Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817
Sciaena diacantha Bloch, 1792
Taxonomic Source(s): Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.). 2015. Catalog of Fishes. Updated 7 January 2015. Available at: (Accessed: 7 January 2015).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M.
Reviewer(s): Bogutskaya, N., & Smith, K. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)
A widespread species with no known major widespread threats.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:All European coasts. Absent from White, Barents, Baltic and Caspian Seas and from Northern Black Sea and Sea of Azov.
Countries occurrence:
Albania; Algeria; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Denmark; Egypt; Faroe Islands; France; Georgia; Germany; Gibraltar; Greece; Guernsey; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Jersey; Lebanon; Libya; Monaco; Montenegro; Morocco; Netherlands; Norway; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Serbia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey; Ukraine; United Kingdom
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Habitat:
Coastal waters and estuaries.

Lives up to 30 years. Spawns for the first time at 4-7 years and about 350 (males) and 420 (females) mm SL. A pelagic spawner in open sea, in January-June at temperatures above 9°C. Larvae planktonic. Juveniles move inshore as they grow, aggregating in brackish estuarine nursery areas where they usually remain until their second summer. Large juveniles and adults show a complicated migration pattern at sea, coming close to shore and entering freshwaters of estuaries during summer to forage. Juveniles feed on invertebrates, taking increasingly more fish with age. Adults piscivorous.
Systems:Freshwater; Marine
Movement patterns:Full Migrant

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No major threats known.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No information.

Classifications [top]

9. Marine Neritic -> 9.1. Marine Neritic - Pelagic
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes
9. Marine Neritic -> 9.10. Marine Neritic - Estuaries
suitability:Suitable  major importance:Yes

In-Place Research, Monitoring and Planning
In-Place Land/Water Protection and Management
In-Place Species Management
In-Place Education

♦  Food - human
 Local : ✓   National : ✓  International : ✓ 

♦  Sport hunting/specimen collecting
 National : ✓  International : ✓ 

Bibliography [top]

Bauchot, M.-L. and Pras, A. 1980. Guide des poissons marins d'Europe. Delachaux & Niestlé, Lausanne.

IUCN. 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: (Accessed: 5 October 2008).

Kottelat, M. and Freyhof, J. 2007. Handbook of European Freshwater Fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland.

Pickett, G.D. and Pawson, M.G. 1994. Sea bass - biology, exploitation and conservation. Chapman & Hall, London.

Whitehead, P.J.P. and Wheeler, A.C. 1966. The generic names used for the sea basses of Europe and N. America (Pisces: Serranidae).

Citation: Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Dicentrarchus labrax. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T135606A4159287. . Downloaded on 16 January 2018.
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