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Melogale everetti

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CARNIVORA MUSTELIDAE

Scientific Name: Melogale everetti
Species Authority: (Thomas, 1895)
Common Name(s):
English Bornean Ferret Badger, Everett's Ferret-badger, Kinabalu Ferret-badger
Taxonomic Notes: This genus was divided into three species Melogale moschata (Small-toothed Ferret Badger), M. personata (the Large-toothed Ferret Badger), and M. everetti (the Bornean Ferret Badger) (Pei and Wang 1995). Although the Bornean Ferret Badger is considered by some to be a subspecies of the Javan Ferret Badger (M. orientalis), and by others as a subspecies of M. personata, it is now generally considered to be a legitimate species (Long 1992). It is important to note that all past records of Melogale in Borneo under whatever name refer to everetti (Long 1992).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Duckworth, J.W. & Azlan, M.J.
Reviewer(s): Belant, J. (Small Carnivore Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Red List Authority)
Justification:
This species is listed as Data Deficient as there is not currently sufficient information available to evaluate the species against the Red List categories and criteria. It is not known what impact, if any, known potential threats are having and whether the species is in decline at all, let alone at a rate sufficient to qualify for listing. Because plausible threats operate potentially through habitat change and non-specific hunting, there is a strong need for more survey work and research on this species and a priority is to evaluate its true status and threats.
History:
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Insufficiently Known (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Insufficiently Known (IUCN 1990)
1988 Insufficiently Known (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The Bornean ferret badger is endemic to the island of Borneo, where it is suspected to occur in Kalimantan, Brunei, Sabah and Sarawak (Wozencraft 2005) However, the only confirmed records seem to be from Mount Kinabalu and surrounds in Sabah (Payne et al. 1985) with only one subsequent sighting reported from there by Dinets (2003) at 1,950 m. Museum individuals have been determined to have been from two other points outside the massif, in Penem Pang and Tuaran. However, the age of these specimens, how they were acquired, and therefore the reliability of the two locations, is unknown. This species is considered high montane, found from 900 to 3,700 m (Payne et al. 1985), and these outlying locations are near low-lying coastal areas.
Countries:
Native:
Indonesia; Malaysia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Nothing is known about the Bornean ferret badger population status or size within the massif.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: it is mostly carnivorous, but will eat some plant matter; it feeds on earthworms, lizards, small birds and rats, and reportedly eat fruit as well. It was recorded foraging in a small roadside garbage dump in montane broadleaf forest (Dinets, 2003). This species is fossorial and lives in preexisting holes, rather than digging new ones (Taylor, 1989). It is nocturnal and feeds primarily on small animals such as insects, earthworms, snails, frogs, and sometimes carcasses of small birds and mammals, eggs, and fruit (Chian and Sheng, 1976; Long and Killingley, 1983; Ewer, 1985; Neal, 1986; Chuang, 1994).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The only recorded sightings of Bornean ferret badgers have occurred on the Kinabalu massif, near and within the National Park. Much of the massif has been converted to other uses, e.g. agriculture, but it is unclear to what level, if any, this species depends upon extensive, old-growth, or any sort of forest; some other Melogale spp. are very adaptable to forest fragmentation and degradation (see account for M. moschata), but the same cannot be assumed for this species. If it truly extends down to the lowlands and if it is in any way dependent upon extensive or old-growth forest, then it will have lost a large part of its recent habitat through the heavy conversion of natural forests in Sabah lowlands in the last few decades. There is no information on its susceptibility to whatever hunting levels occur in its range. It is not significantly traded, but it is no doubt caught in non-selective traps. In sum, several plausible threats operate but it is unclear if any are threats at the population level.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species is currently listed on the Sabah Wildlife Conservation Enactment 1997 as Melogale personata not as Melogale everetti, and this needs to be updated. The species was recorded from Mount Kinabalu National Park in 2002 (Dinets 2003), but given that all records are from this area, surveys are needed to look for additional populations.

Bibliography [top]

Dinets, V. 2003. Records of small carnivores from Mount Kinabalu, Sabah, Borneo. Small Carnivore Conservation 28: 9.

Long, C. A. 1992. Is the Javan ferret-badger a subspecies or a species? Small Carnivore Conservation 6: 17.

Long, C. A. and Killingley, C. A. 1983. The badgers of the world. Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Illinois, USA.

Neal, E. and Cheeseman, C. 1996. Badgers.

Payne, J.C.M., Francis, C.M. and Phillipps, K. 1985. A field guide to the mammals of Borneo. The Sabah Society, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.

Taylor, M. E. 1989. Locomotor adaptations by carnivores. In: J. L. Gittleman (ed.), Carnivore behaviour, ecology and evolution, pp. 292–295. Cornell Uni. Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.

Wozencraft, W.C. 2005. Order Carnivora. In: D.E. Wilson and D.M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World: A taxonomic and geographic reference. Third Edition, pp. 532-628. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC, USA.


Citation: Duckworth, J.W. & Azlan, M.J. 2008. Melogale everetti. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 December 2014.
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