|Scientific Name:||Madoqua guentheri Thomas, 1894|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Four subspecies have been recognised, based on size and pelage features (Hoppe and Brotherton 2013). The validity of these has not been confirmed by genetic evidence and precise geographic boundaries between them are not delineated. Only the species is assessed here.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group|
|Reviewer(s):||Hoffmann, M. & Mallon, D.|
Not close to meeting the thresholds for any threatened category. Remains widespread and common in its historical range. If current trends continue, the status of Guenther’s Dik-dik will remain secure (East 1999).
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||The range of Guenther’s Dik-dik covers Somalia, the eastern and southern lowlands of Ethiopia, South Sudan (east of the Nile R.), north-eastern Uganda, and northern and western Kenya, north of the Tana River (East 1999, Hoppe and Brotherton 2013). In Somaliland (northern Somalia) restricted to the south (Mallon and Jama 2015).|
Native:Ethiopia; Kenya; Somalia; South Sudan; Uganda
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Guenther’s Dik-dik appears to be common throughout most of its range. East (1999) produced a total population estimate of 511,000 animals, based on an average density of 1.0/km2 across the area of occupancy. |
Estimates of population density obtained from road counts were 0.7-1.1/km² in the Haud Plateau, Somalia and the Ogaden region, Ethiopia (East 1999, and references therein). In Omo NP, Ethiopia, a higher density of 23.8 per km² was observed in 1988 within a 75-ha study area (Ono et al. 1988). The population trend is generally considered stable.
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Guenther's Dik-dik inhabits arid and semi-arid scrublands, preferring stony ground and seldom seen far from cover (Hoppe and Brotherton 2013). They range from sea level to about 2,100 m (Yalden et al. 1996). Where sympatric with M. saltiana prefers drier, scrub-covered hillsides and thick bush (Yalden, 2013). In Somaliland (N Somalia) the only recent records are from the south, in stony hills with dense thorn scrub (Mallon and Jama 2015).|
|Generation Length (years):||3.4|
|Use and Trade:||The species is hunted for meat.|
|Major Threat(s):||There are no major threats reported, although the species is occasionally hunted and part of its range is found in countries with a recent history of armed conflict.|
|Conservation Actions:||Guenther's Dik-dik occurs in a number of protected areas, such as Omo, Mago, Yabelo and Nechisar (Ethiopia), Kidepo Valley (Uganda) and Sibiloi, Marsabit, Samburu and Meru (Kenya), in which it is common. The bulk of its population occurs in unprotected areas.|
East, R. (compiler). 1999. African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
Hoppe, P. P. and Brotherton, P. N. M. 2013. Madoqua guentheri. In: J. S. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds), The Mammals of Africa, Academic Press, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
IUCN. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-1. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 30 June 2016).
Mallon, D.P. and Jama, A.A. 2015. Current staus of antelopes in Somaliland. IUCN/SSC Antelope Specialist Group and Nature Somaliland.
Ono, Y., Doi, T., Ikeda, H., Babas, M., Takeishi, M., Izawa, M. and Iwamoto, T. 1988. Territoriality of Guenther's dikdik in the Omo National Park, Ethiopia. African Journal of Ecology 26: 33-49.
Yalden, D. W. 2013. Madoqua saltiana Salt's Dik-dik. In: J. S. Kingdon and M. Hoffmann (eds), The Mammals of Africa. Volume 6. Pigs, Hippopotamuses, Chevrotain, Biraffes, Deer and Bovids, Bloomsbury, London, UK.
Yalden, D.W., Largen, M.J., Kock, D. and Hillman, J.C. 1996. Catalogue of the Mammals of Ethiopia and Eritrea. 7. Revised checklist, zoogeography and conservation. Tropical Zoology 9(1): 73-164.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. 2016. Madoqua guentheri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T12669A50190613.Downloaded on 21 October 2017.|
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