|Scientific Name:||Lonchorhina aurita|
|Species Authority:||Tomes, 1863|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Includes occidentalis. Some specimens previously referred to this species actually represent inusitata.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Sampaio, E., Lim, B., Peters, S., Miller, B., Cuarón, A.D. & de Grammont, P.C.|
|Reviewer/s:||Medellín, R. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
Listed as Least Concern because it is widely distributed and unlikely to be declining at a rate which would qualify it for inclusion in any of the threat categories.
|Range Description:||Central, and South America. This species is broadly distributed from Oaxaca and Veracruz(Mexico) south to SE Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, and Ecuador; Trinidad; perhaps New Providence Isl (Bahama Isls), see Jones and Carter (1976) (Simmons 2005). Lowlands, it was not taken above 1,500 m elevation (Reid, 1997). Occurs in Nicaragua (Medina et al. , in press).|
Native:Belize; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru; Suriname; Trinidad and Tobago; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Uncommon; widespread. These bats may be geographically limited to areas with caves or rocks (Emmons and Feer, 1997). Can be locally abundant near caves where roosting occurs with up to 500 individuals (Lassier and Wilson, 1989).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It is strongly associated with moist habitats and is most frequently encountered in multistratal tropical forest (Eisenberg and Redford, 1999). Usually found in mature, evergreen forest, occasionally deciduous forest and agricultural areas (Reid, 1997). This bat is an aerial and gleaning insectivore, it occasionally consumes fruits. It roosts in caves or tunnels, such as mine tunnels and forms colonies of 12 to 25, sometimes up to hundreds (Goodwin and Greenhall, 1961; Reid, 1997; Eisenberg and Redford, 1999). Activity begins well after sunset, in full darkness. This bat is an extremely agile flier and may stop and hover in front of a mist net or escape through small gasps. It is sometimes caught in nets across streams or paths through forest (Reid, 1997).|
|Major Threat(s):||Associated with cave and karstic habitats which may be threatened by disturbance within forests. In Bolivia this species is considered Vulnerable (it is not known from a protected area and it is in a fragile ecosystem).|
|Conservation Actions:||Conservation of caves and karstic habitats. This species occurs in a number of protected areas throughout its range. In Mexico is listed as trheatened under NOM - 059 - SEMARNAT - 2001 (Arroyo-Cabrales pers. comm.). It is found in protected areas in Belize (Miller pers. comm.).|
Eisenberg, J. F. and Redford, K. H. 1999. Mammals of the Neotropics: The Central Neotropics. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.
Emmons, L. H. and Feer, F. 1997. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide, Second edition. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, USA.
Goodwin, G. G. and Greenhal, A. M. 1961. A review of the bats of Trinidad and Tobago. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 122(3): 187-302.
Lassieur, S. and Wilson, D. 1989. Lonchorhina aurita. Mammalian Species 347: 1-4.
Medina, A. R., Saldana, O., Vilchez, S. and McCarthy, T. J. In press. Comments about historic and additional records for the bat (Mammalia: Chiroptera) fauna of Nicaragua, Central America.
Reid, F. 1997. A field guide to the mammals of Central America and southeast Mexico. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.
Simmons, N. B. 2005. Order Chiroptera. In: D. E. Wilson and D. M. Reeder (eds), Mammal Species of the World, pp. 312-529. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD, USA.
|Citation:||Sampaio, E., Lim, B., Peters, S., Miller, B., Cuarón, A.D. & de Grammont, P.C. 2008. Lonchorhina aurita. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 10 December 2013.|
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