|Scientific Name:||Lichonycteris obscura|
|Species Authority:||Thomas, 1895|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Easily confused with other nectivorous bats. Includes degener.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Tavares, V. & Mantilla, H.|
|Reviewer/s:||Medellín, R. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)|
Listed as Least Concern because it is widespread. The disjunct distribution of the species is unlikely to be declining at a rate which would qualify it for inclusion in a threat category. However, the separate southeast Brazilian population is threatened by deforestation of Atlantic Forests.
|Range Description:||This species occurs from Chiapas, Mexico, south through eastern Guatemala, southern Belize, Honduras, the Isthmus of Panama, through western Venezuela and Guianas, to northern Peru, Bolivia, and Amazonian Brazil (Reid, 1997; Eisenberg and Redford, 1999). Lowlands to 1,000 m (Reid, 1997). A disjunct population occurs in southestern Brazil. In Bolivia known up to 500 m (Aguirre pes comm), in Ecuador to 900 m and in Peru to 800 m.|
Native:Belize; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; French Guiana; Guatemala; Guyana; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru; Suriname; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This is a naturally rare species throughout its range. Rare but widespread (Emmons and Feer, 1997).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Poorly known. Usually recorded in lowland evergreen forest and plantations (Reid, 1997). This bat visits flowers and probably feeds on nectar, pollen, and insects (Eisenberg and Redford 1999; Tschapka 2004). Known from lowland moist forest (Ochoa pers. comm.). In Bolivia occurs in montane forests (Aguirre pers. comm.).|
|Major Threat(s):||In Bolivia considered vulnerable. Conversion of forests to pasture (deforestation). The disjunct population in southeast Brazil is threatened by deforestation.|
|Conservation Actions:||Conservation of forest. The species occurs in a number of protected areas throughout its range.|
Eisenberg, J. F. and Redford, K. H. 1999. Mammals of the Neotropics: The Central Neotropics. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.
Emmons, L. H. and Feer, F. 1997. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals: A Field Guide, Second edition. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, USA.
IUCN. 2008. 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at: http://www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 5 October 2008).
Reid, F. 1997. A field guide to the mammals of Central America and southeast Mexico. Oxford University Press, New York, USA.
Tschapka, M. 2004. Energy density patterns of nectar resources permit coexistence within a guild of Neotropical flower visiting bats. Journal of Zoology (London) 263: 7-21.
|Citation:||Tavares, V. & Mantilla, H. 2008. Lichonycteris obscura. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 April 2014.|
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