Kobus leche ssp. leche
|Scientific Name:||Kobus leche ssp. leche Gray, 1850|
See Kobus leche
|Taxonomic Notes:||Red Lechwe (Kobus leche leche) is one of five subspecies of Southern Lechwe (Kobus leche), following Ansell and Banfield (1979), Birungi and Arctander (2001) and Cotterill (2005). The other subspecies being: Black Lechwe (K. l. smithemani); Kafue Lechwe (K. l. kafuensis); Robert's Lechwe (K. l. robertsi) and Upemba Lechwe (K. l. anselli).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group|
Red Lechwe are estimated to number at least 80,000 individuals (Jeffery and Nefdt 2013) with the majority (around 85%) in the Okavango Delta, a decline from the 98,000 estimated by East (1999). This equates to a projected 24% decline over three generations (19 years), therefore approaching the threshold for Vulnerable under A4.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||Red Lechwe (K. l. leche) is found in the Okavango Delta, and the Kwando/Linyanti/Chobe system of northern Botswana; the Okavango, Kwando/Linyanti/Chobe, Mashi, and Zambezi River systems of north-east Namibia; and the upper Zambezi and middle Kafue of Zambia; the Cuando system of SE Angola and the Cuanza and Luando Rivers of Central Angola (Jeffery and Nefdt 2013).|
For the distribution map, see the parent species assessment: Kobus leche.
Native:Angola; Botswana; Namibia; Zambia
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Red Lechwe are estimated to number at least 80,000 individuals (Jeffery and Nefdt 2013), a decline from the 98,000 estimated by East (1999). The majority of the population occurs in the Okavango Delta, Botswana, where numbers were estimated in the 1990s to be 69,500. Numbers in Botswana's Kwando/Linyanti/Chobe system appear to have declined from 10,000-15,000 in the 1970s (Williamson 1979) to 2,310 in the mid-1990s. Populations of Red Lechwes elsewhere are not well documented, but significant populations remain in the Liuwa Plains (including the upper Zambezi floodplains) and Busanga Swamps of Zambia (Jeffery and Nefdt 2013). Populations are generally stable or increasing in protected areas and declining elsewhere.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Prefer floodplain grasslands, shallow water margins of floodplains and swamps (less than 1 m deep), shallow water meadows and light woodlands and termitaria grasslands on their periphery (Jeffery and Nefdt 2013).|
|Generation Length (years):||6.4|
|Use and Trade:||Red Lechwe are hunted primarily for meat but also for sport (Jeffery and Nefdt 2013).|
|Major Threat(s):||Hunting, encroachment and habitat destruction pose growing threats to the conservation of Red Lechwe (Jeffery and Nefdt 2013).|
Occur in the Moremi G.R. and Chobe N.P. (Botswana), Sioma Ngwezi, Liuwa Plains and Kafue National Parks, and the West Zambezi and Kasonso-Busanga Game Management Areas (Zambia), Kameia N.P. and the Luando, Mavinga and Luiana Game Reserves (Angola), and the Western Caprivi G.R. and the Mahango Game Park (Namibia) (Jeffery and Nefdt 2013).
A significant proportion (>80%) of Red Lechwe occur outside national parks and game reserves. This subspecies is therefore dependent on the effective protection and management of its critical wetland regions, such as the Okavango, Linyanti, Busanga and Caprivi.
Ansell, W.F.H. and Banfield, C.F. 1979. The subspecies of Kobus leche Gray, 1850 (Bovidae). Säugetierkundliche Mitteilungen 40: 168-176.
Birungi, J. and Arctander, P. 2001. Molecular systematics and phylogeny of the Reduncini (Artiodactyla: Bovidae) inferred from the analysis of mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences. Journal of Mammalian Evolution 8: 125-147.
Cotterill, F.P.D. 2005. The Upemba lechwe, Kobus anselli: an antelope new to science emphasizes the conservation importance of Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo. Journal of Zoology (London) 265: 113 -132.
East, R. (compiler). 1999. African Antelope Database 1998. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.
IUCN. 2017. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-2. Available at: www.iucnredlist.org. (Accessed: 14 September 2017).
Jeffery, R. and Nefdt, R. 2013. Kobus leche Southern Lechwe. In: J.S. Kingdon & M. Hoffmann (ed.), The Mammals of Africa. VI. Pigs, Hippopotamuses, Chevrotain, Giraffes, Deer, and Bovids, pp. 449-455. Bloomsbury Publishing, London, UK.
Williamson, D. T. 1979. An outline of the ecology and behaviour of the red lechwe (Kobus leche leche Gray, 1850). PhD thesis, University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. 2017. Kobus leche ssp. leche. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T11044A50190221.Downloaded on 21 February 2018.|
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