Hippotragus leucophaeus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Hippotragus leucophaeus
Species Authority: (Pallas, 1766)
Common Name(s):
English Bluebuck, Blue Buck

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Mallon, D.P. (Antelope Red List Authority) & Hoffmann, M. (Global Mammal Assessment)
This species was confined historically to a limited area of the southwestern Cape, where it was apparently uncommon. It was soon wiped out by early European settlers, the last known specimen being shot in 1799 or 1800.
1996 Extinct

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This endemic South African species was restricted to the southern coastal areas from about Caledon to Plettenberg Bay. The last individual Bluebuck was shot around 1800, the first African antelope to be hunted to extinction by European settlers (Klein 1974). Detailed reviews of the species are provided by Mohr (1967), Klein (1974), and Smithers (1983).
Regionally extinct:
South Africa
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Extinct.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Extinct.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Extinct.

Bibliography [top]

East, R. 1999. African Antelope Database 1999. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Klein, R. G. 1974. On the taxonomic status, distribution and ecology of the blue antelope, Hippotragus leucophaeus (Pallas, 1766). Annals of the South African Museum 65: 99-143.

Mohr, E. 1967. Der Blaubock, Hippotragus leucophaeus (Pallas, 1766) - Eine Dokumentation. Paul Parey, Hamburg, Germany.

Smithers, R. H. N. 1983. The Mammals of the Southern African Subregion. University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Citation: IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group 2008. Hippotragus leucophaeus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 29 August 2015.
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