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Gazella bennettii

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CETARTIODACTYLA BOVIDAE

Scientific Name: Gazella bennettii
Species Authority: (Sykes, 1831)
Common Name(s):
English Chinkara, Indian Gazelle
French Gazelle De L'Inde

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Mallon, D.P.
Reviewer(s): Rahmani, A.R. & Mallon, D.P. (Antelope Red List Authority)
Justification:
Although populations in Pakistan and Iran have been greatly reduced by over hunting, the Indian population was estimated at certainly >100,000 and stable by Rahmani (2001).
History:
2003 Least Concern (IUCN 2003)
2003 Least Concern
1994 Vulnerable (Groombridge 1994)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Range covers much of western and central India, extending through Pakistan, south-western Afghanistan into north-central Iran. The Thar Desert of western India remains a stronghold. Distribution in Pakistan has been greatly reduced by overhunting and although still widespread, populations are scattered (Habibi 2001b). In Iran, distribution is also scattered extending to Kavir NP in Tehran Province (Hemami and Groves 2001).
Countries:
Native:
India; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Pakistan
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Numbers in India have been estimated at more than 100,000 with 80,000 in the Tahr Desert (Rahmani 2001). Numbers in Pakistan have declined due to overhunting, but no current estimate is available (Habibi 2001b). Current status in Afghanistan is unknown but they are also believed to be very rare (Habibi 2001a). Around 1300 were estimated for Iran (Hemami and Groves 2001).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Inhabits arid areas, including sand deserts, flat plains and hills, dry scrub and light forest. Ranges to 1,500 m in Pakistan (Habibi 2001b). They are facultative drinkers, and so can live in very arid areas. They sometimes raid fields cultivated with rape seed and sorghum in desert regions (Habibi 2001b).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Indiscriminate hunting has adversely affected gazelles in Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan (hunted for meat and to a lesser degree for trophies). Habitat loss through overgrazing, conversion to agriculture and industrial development is also a factor.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Occur in more than 80 protected areas in India, 5 in Pakistan and 9 in Iran. In parts of western India Chinkara are protected by villagers for religious reasons. The species is fully protected by law in India, Pakistan and Iran.

Citation: Mallon, D.P. 2008. Gazella bennettii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 September 2014.
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