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Epomophorus angolensis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CHIROPTERA PTEROPODIDAE

Scientific Name: Epomophorus angolensis
Species Authority: Gray, 1870
Common Name(s):
English Angolan Epauletted Fruit Bat

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Mickleburgh, S., Hutson, A.M. & Bergmans, W.
Reviewer(s): Hutson, A.M., Racey, P.A. (Chiroptera Red List Authority) & Cox, N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Near Threatened because this species may be in significant decline (but presumably at a rate of less than 30% over ten years) because of the loss of riverine roosting and fruit trees (almost qualifies as threatened under criterion A2c). This is a precautionary listing, as it is possible that the species has a less restricted habitat, and as such should be listed as Least Concern.
History:
2004 Near Threatened
1994 Rare (Groombridge 1994)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This African bat is present in Angola and adjacent parts of northern Namibia. It is largely a lowland species, but may range into more montane areas. In Angola it is present west and south of the Mosaic of Guineo-Congolian lowland rain forest and secondary grassland (Bergmans 1988). In eastern Angola the range seems to be halted by the extensive mosaic region of Brachystegia bakerana thicket and edaphic grassland (Bergmans 1988).
Countries:
Native:
Angola (Angola); Namibia
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The abundance of this species is poorly known, with very little recent information.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Bergmans (1998; 1999) reports that the species is present in wetter Zambezian miombo woodland, north Zambezian woodland; Colophospermum mopane woodland and scrub woodland. Simmons and Chimimba (2005) suggest that the species may be largely confined to riverine forest and other evergreen forest with fruit-bearing trees. Shortridge (1934) reports on animals hanging singly from bare branches of large Acacia trees near the Cunene River, however, loose colonies of up to 200 have also been found.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is threatened by the removal of roost trees, often for use as fuel. Griffin (1998) indicates that the removal of riverine trees is a particular threat to species of Epomophorus in Namibia, with relatively little suitable habitat remaining; presumably this is similar problem in Angola. It may have been threatened by the availability of firearms during the long civil war in Angola, although this requires confirmation.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Although there appear to be no direct conservation measures in place for this species it has been recorded from Mupa National Park and Bikuar National Park in Angola. There is a need to conserve remaining areas of suitable roosting and feeding sites for this species, and for new field surveys to better determine the current conservation status of the species.

Citation: Mickleburgh, S., Hutson, A.M. & Bergmans, W. 2008. Epomophorus angolensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 October 2014.
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