|Scientific Name:||Epiophlebia laidlawi|
|Species Authority:||Tillyard, 1921|
|Taxonomic Notes:||The Epiophlebiidae are the only extant family in the suborder Anisozygoptera, which holds just two species. They are relict species of a once widespread group.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Clausnitzer, V., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Suhling, F. (Odonata Red List Authority)|
Ephiophlebia laidlawi has been found from various localities in the eastern Himalayas during the last years. Thus the species seems to be less endangered and restricted than previously thought. Silsby gives a comprehensive overview on the recent records (Silsby, 2001, p. 126), which are Chittrey, Mt Shivapuri, Kathmandu area, Solokhumbu region, all in Nepal. From the present state of knowledge E. laidlawi no longer qualifies for the Vulnerable (VU) criteria, but nearly meets the thresholds for VU under criterion B1ab(iii) due to the restricted range of the species and a degradation and pollution of water courses even in higher elevations.
Due to its restricted range, still insufficient knowledge on its distribution and population sizes and its importance as a relict species, it remains as Near Threatened on the global Red List. But it has to be noted, that an attempt, to check the site above Kathmandu in Nepal for specimen recently failed and could not be repeated for insecurity (H. Dumont, pers comm.). More studies are needed concerning its present range and potential threats.
|Range Description:||Eastern Himalaya, from Kathmandu Valley to Darjeeling in Sikkim.|
Native:India (Sikkim); Nepal
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Current population size is unknown.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Montane streams.|
|Major Threat(s):||Pollution and siltation because of erosion of streams.|
|Conservation Actions:||More studies are needed concerning its present range and potential threats.|
|Citation:||Clausnitzer, V. 2006. Epiophlebia laidlawi. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 12 March 2014.|
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