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Elona quimperiana

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA MOLLUSCA GASTROPODA STYLOMMATOPHORA ELONIDAE

Scientific Name: Elona quimperiana
Species Authority: Ferussac, 1821
Common Name(s):
English Escargot de Quimper

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2011-07-20
Assessor(s): Gomez, B. & Seddon, M.
Reviewer(s): Gargominy, O. & Neubert, E.
Justification:
This species is a large, conspicuous land-snail that occurs in leaf-litter and undergrowth in woodland, in damp habitats. The species is widespread in Brittany (France) and Spain, and possibly in Portugal. Given the widespread distribution, this species is assessed as Least Concern.  However, it is a species that is vulnerable to declining quality of habitats, and is easily monitored, hence benefits from the protection of the Annexes EUHSD, especially in the outlier habitats in France, and hence also protects other land-snail species (and other invertebrates) in the same habitats.
History:
1994 Rare (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Rare (IUCN 1990)
1988 Rare (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
1986 Rare (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1986)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species has a wide distribution area covering the north of the Iberian Peninsula, from the Galician Atlantic coast to the western Pyrenees (Altonaga et al. 1994). There are also various isolated populations in La Rioja (North of Iberian Peninsula) and in Brittany, France (Oses et al. 2011). Although Fauna Europea (Bank et al. 2006) cite the species from Portugal, the distribution for Oses et al. (2011) suggests that it does not extend much over the border.
Countries:
Native:
France (France (mainland)); Portugal (Portugal (mainland)); Spain (Spain (mainland))
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: In known sites in France and Spain the population of this species has been monitored over the last 10 years and is currently believed to be stable. The species is currently undergoing research to determine the origins of the different populations in Spain (Oses et al. 2011).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Typically the species is found in undergrowth of damp, humid forests, often under large logs or stones. It is known from both oak woodland (Brittany, Spain) aand beech woodlands. It is not restricted to forests, having been found in suitable damp vegetated habitats associated with walls, screes and caves. This species undergoes predation from mice and other rodents, as well as predation of juveniles by beetles.
Systems: Terrestrial

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not known to be traded.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats to the species lie in the loss of habitats, due to logging, encroachment of towns and villages, or conversion of woodland to agricultural lands.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on the Annexes of the European Union Habitat's and Species Directive. A large species, it is more vulnerable to habitat disturbance, however it is now considered to be widespread in suitable habitats in Spain and in Brittany (France), much reduced in the Basque country, and is not known in the intervening areas. The species is not considered to be threatened, and is listed as Least Concern in the Spanish Red List (Verdu and Galante 2009). It is more restricted in France, and is listed as a protected species, and occurs in at least three protected areas. Given that the species is part of the Annexes of the European Union Habitat's and Species Directive, then the species should have various SAC designated for the protection of the species in each country.

Citation: Gomez, B. & Seddon, M. 2012. Elona quimperiana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 August 2014.
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