Elona quimperiana 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Mollusca Gastropoda Stylommatophora Elonidae

Scientific Name: Elona quimperiana Férussac, 1821
Common Name(s):
French Escargot de Quimper
Helix quimperiana Férussac, 1821
Taxonomic Source(s): Bank, R.A. 2017. Fauna Europeae Project: Checklist of the land and freshwater Gastropoda of Europe. Last update: February 18th, 2017. Fauna Europea Project: Hoogezand.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2012
Date Assessed: 2011-07-20
Assessor(s): Gomez, B. & Seddon, M.
Reviewer(s): Gargominy, O. & Neubert, E.
This species is a large, conspicuous land-snail that occurs in leaf-litter and undergrowth in woodland, in damp habitats. The species is widespread in Brittany (France) and Spain, and possibly in Portugal. Given the widespread distribution, this species is assessed as Least Concern.  However, it is a species that is vulnerable to declining quality of habitats, and is easily monitored, hence benefits from the protection of the Annexes EUHSD, especially in the outlier habitats in France, and hence also protects other land-snail species (and other invertebrates) in the same habitats.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species has a wide distribution area covering the north of the Iberian Peninsula, from the Galician Atlantic coast to the western Pyrenees (Altonaga et al. 1994). There are also various isolated populations in La Rioja (North of Iberian Peninsula) and in Brittany, France (Oses et al. 2011). Although Fauna Europea (Bank et al. 2006) cite the species from Portugal, the distribution for Oses et al. (2011) suggests that it does not extend much over the border.
Countries occurrence:
France (France (mainland)); Portugal (Portugal (mainland)); Spain (Spain (mainland))
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:In known sites in France and Spain the population of this species has been monitored over the last 10 years and is currently believed to be stable. The species is currently undergoing research to determine the origins of the different populations in Spain (Oses et al. 2011).
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Typically the species is found in undergrowth of damp, humid forests, often under large logs or stones. It is known from both oak woodland (Brittany, Spain) aand beech woodlands. It is not restricted to forests, having been found in suitable damp vegetated habitats associated with walls, screes and caves. This species undergoes predation from mice and other rodents, as well as predation of juveniles by beetles.
Generation Length (years):5

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not known to be traded.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats to the species lie in the loss of habitats, due to logging, encroachment of towns and villages, or conversion of woodland to agricultural lands.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on the Annexes of the European Union Habitat's and Species Directive. A large species, it is more vulnerable to habitat disturbance, however it is now considered to be widespread in suitable habitats in Spain and in Brittany (France), much reduced in the Basque country, and is not known in the intervening areas. The species is not considered to be threatened, and is listed as Least Concern in the Spanish Red List (Verdu and Galante 2009). It is more restricted in France, and is listed as a protected species, and occurs in at least three protected areas. Given that the species is part of the Annexes of the European Union Habitat's and Species Directive, then the species should have various SAC designated for the protection of the species in each country.

Citation: Gomez, B. & Seddon, M. 2012. Elona quimperiana. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T7658A3140576. . Downloaded on 21 October 2017.
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