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Mirogrex hulensis

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII CYPRINIFORMES CYPRINIDAE

Scientific Name: Mirogrex hulensis
Species Authority: Goren, Fishelson & Trewavas, 1973
Common Name(s):
English Hula Bream
Synonym(s):
Acanthobrama hulensis (Goren, Fishelson & Trewavas, 1973)
Mirogrex terraesanctae subspecies hulensis Goren, Fishelson & Trewavas, 1973
Taxonomic Notes: (M. Goren and N. Bogutskaya pers. comms.) indicate that this species should be be transferred to the genus Mirogrex. (Was originally published as a subspecies of Mirogrex terraesanctae (Steinitz. 1952).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2014
Date Assessed: 2014-02-06
Assessor(s): Goren, M.
Reviewer(s): Freyhof, J. & Smith, K.
Justification:
The Hula lake and adjacent marshes were drained in the 1950s. Drainage of the lake resulted in the species being restricted to marsh and pond areas in Hula nature reserve. The reserve management switched from using spring water to fishpond water in the species' habitat, resulting in decline and the extinction of the fish within six years of doing so. The species was last recorded in 1975.
History:
2006 Extinct
1996 Extinct
1994 Extinct? (Groombridge 1994)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species was restricted to the Hula basin (Lake Huleh) in northern Israel.
Countries:
Regionally extinct:
Israel
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is now extinct; it was last recorded in 1975.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Mirogrex hulensis lived in Lake Hula and its adjacent marshes. It reached 230 mm total length, spawned from February to April.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The Hula swamp was artificially drained by 1957 in order to obtain good agricultural land. Such agricultural development led to massive reduction in the number and size of aquatic ecosystems, due to the diversion and exploitation of their sources. Drainage of the lake resulted in the species being restricted to marsh and pond areas in Hula nature reserve. The reserve management switched from using spring water to fishpond water in the species' habitat, resulting in decline and the extinction of the fish within six years of doing so.

Citation: Goren, M. 2014. Mirogrex hulensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 September 2014.
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