Mirogrex hulensis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Mirogrex hulensis
Species Authority: Goren, Fishelson & Trewavas, 1973
Acanthobrama hulensis (Goren, Fishelson & Trewavas, 1973)
Taxonomic Notes: (M. Goren and N. Bogutskaya pers. comms.) indicate that this species should be be transferred to the genus Mirogrex. (Was originally published as a subspecies of Mirogrex terraesanctae (Steinitz. 1952).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor/s: Crivelli, A.J.
Reviewer/s: Goren, M., Bogutskaya, N., Erk’akan, F. & Karatash, A. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
The Hula lake and adjacent marshes were drained in the 1970s. Drainage of the lake resulted in the species being restricted to marsh and pond areas in Hula nature reserve. The reserve management switched from using spring water to fishpond water in the species' habitat, resulting in decline and the extinction of the fish within six years of doing so. The species was last recorded in 1975.
1996 Extinct
1994 Extinct? (Groombridge 1994)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species was restricted to the Hula basin (lake Huleh) in northern Israel.
Regionally extinct:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Now extinct. The fish was last recorded in 1975.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: A. hulensis lived in Lake Hula and its adjacent marshes. It reached 230 mm total length, spawned from February to April.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The Hula swamp was artificially drained by 1957 in order to obtain good agricultural land. Such agricultural development led to massive reduction in the number and size of aquatic ecosystems, due to the diversion and exploitation of their sources.
Citation: Crivelli, A.J. 2006. Mirogrex hulensis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 21 April 2014.
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