|Scientific Name:||Driloleirus macelfreshi|
|Species Authority:||(Smith, 1937)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
This species has a restricted range and has probably declined significantly over the past 200 years. It has an extent of occurrence of 3,500 km2 and occurs at five locations. It is currently thought to be threatened by habitat degradation, chemical pollution and possibly competition by invasive earthworm species, which are causing a continuing decline in the habitat quality. Therefore, it is assessed as Endangered.
|Range Description:||This species is restricted to the state of Oregon, USA. Recently it has only been recorded from the bottomlands of the Willamette Valley. It has been recorded from 16 sites: 15 sites within the Willamette Valley and one site in the Oregon Coast Range (Lincoln, Linn, Marion, Polk and Yamhill counties and Benton County). It is expected to occur in Lane County, the Siuslaw National Forest and in the Salem District and Eugene District of the Willamette Valley.|
Native:United States (Oregon)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||No data are available on the population.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The Oregon giant earthworm (up to 1.32 m) burrows in fine clay rich soils. It is associated with undisturbed soil in forests of Douglas firs, grand firs, and bigleaf maples and may prefer well drained but damp soils. It is active near the surface but its permanent burrows may be as deep as 4.6 m below the surface.|
|Major Threat(s):||Habitat loss and the establishment of introduced earthworms are the main threats. Less than one percent of the original habitat area remains due to conversion to development and conversion to agricultural land. Remaining habitat contains invasive earthworm species which may compete with the Oregon giant earthworm. There is also pollution from chemicals applied to nearby agricultural land and from forestry management.|
It is not specifically protected. It is listed as a BLM Bureau Sensitive Species. Better survey methods need to be developed for this species.
|Citation:||Blakemore, R. 2014. Driloleirus macelfreshi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 October 2014.|
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