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Ophryacus undulatus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA REPTILIA SQUAMATA VIPERIDAE

Scientific Name: Ophryacus undulatus
Species Authority: (Jan, 1859)
Taxonomic Notes: This may be a species complex (L. Canseco-Márquez pers. comm.)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2007
Date Assessed: 2007-03-01
Assessor(s): Canseco-Márquez, L. & Mendoza-Quijano, F.
Reviewer(s): Cox, N., Chanson, J.S. & Stuart, S.N. (Global Reptile Assessment Coordinating Team)
Justification:
Listed as Vulnerable because its extent of occurrence is less than 20,000 km², its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to central Mexico, where it is found as isolated populations in southern portions of the Sierra Madre Oriental and the Sierra Madre del Sur. It has been recorded from the States of Hidalgo, Veracruz, Puebla, Oaxaca and Guerrero. It occurs between about 1,800 to 2,800 m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Mexico
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a very rare species.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species occurs only in primary pine-oak forest, cloud forest and oak forest at moderately high elevations. It has been recorded from traditional corn fields, but only in southern Puebla. It is a viviparous species.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is threatened by habitat loss through conversion of cloud forest and in some parts, pine-oak forest areas to agricultural use. It is also directly killed by people when it is encountered. It is severely fragmented in parts of its range and does not move between remaining habitat patches.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is present in at least three protected areas. Further research into the taxonomy, ecology and natural history of this species are needed.

Citation: Canseco-Márquez, L. & Mendoza-Quijano, F. 2007. Ophryacus undulatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 01 November 2014.
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