Rhinella ornata 

Scope: Global

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae

Scientific Name: Rhinella ornata
Species Authority: (Spix, 1824)
Bufo ornatus Spix, 1824
Bufo ornatus Spix, 1824
Rhinella ornatus Spix, 1824
Taxonomic Notes: This species was removed from synonymy of Rhinella crucifer by Baldissera et al. (2004).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-12-09
Assessor(s): Flavio Baldissera
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern as it has an extent of occurrence far exceeding 20,000 km2, occurs at many localities including a number of protected areas, and is not known to be undergoing significant declines.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is found in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil; from southern Espírito Santo State, through Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo States, to northern Paraná State. It is also possibly found in northeast Argentina, in Misiones and Corrientes Provinces. It can be found from sea level to close to 1,000m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Brazil (Espírito Santo, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo)
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):1000
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is the most abundantly collected species in Reserva Biológica do Morro Grande (Dixo and Verdade, 2006).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is restricted to lowland Atlantic Forest. Reproduction involves eggs and exotrophic tadpoles in lentic water (Abrunhosa et al., 2006). It is found near and in temporary pools. The species is believed to be fairly tolerant of habitat modification.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The Atlantic Forest has been subject to substantial deforestation and fragmentation due to historical logging and ongoing large-scale clearance for cattle pasture, and crops such as sugar cane, coffee, and exotic trees, as well as for smallholder agriculture. Clearance of forest for coastal development is another threat within the range of this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is known in Brazil from Parque Nacional da Serra dos Órgãos, Tinguá and Poço das Antas Biological Reserves, Reserva Florestal de Morro Grande and Parque Estadual do Desengano, and possibly Iguazú National Park in Argentina.

Citation: Flavio Baldissera. 2010. Rhinella ornata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T61754A12554682. . Downloaded on 22 October 2016.
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