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Echium acanthocarpum

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA MAGNOLIOPSIDA LAMIALES BORAGINACEAE

Scientific Name: Echium acanthocarpum
Species Authority: Svent.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B2b(iv)c(iv) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor/s: Marrero Gómez, M.V., Carqué Álamo, E. & Bañares Baudet, A.
Reviewer/s: Strahm, W. & de Montmollin, B. (Mediterranean Island Plants Red List Authority)
Justification:
The population is confined to two very small areas. Only 500 individuals exist and the populations are in decline (some subpopulations have been lost in recent years). Numbers of mature individuals undergo extreme fluctuations.
History:
1997 Vulnerable (Walter and Gillett 1998)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to the Canary Islands. Three isolated subpopulations are known from the central sector of the island. In the last 15 years, the disappearance of some small subpopulations has been observed.
Countries:
Native:
Spain (Canary Is.)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There are three confirmed subpopulations:
El Rejo: 145 individuals
Agando: 300 individuals
Encherada: 65 individuals
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This large shrub grows in thicket dominated by various legume species. It colonizes platforms, enclaves or overhangs.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is threatened by trampling and grazing pressures from domestic livestock, especially during the juvenile phase. Pressure from alien species is another threat. In addition hybridization with Echium aculeatum and E. strictum has been observed.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Actions in Place
The species is found in the National Parks of Majona and Garajonay. It’s also included in a Site of Community Interest (SCI). Seeds are stored in various seedbanks. A recovery plan exists for the subpopulation found in the Garanojay National Park.
Citation: Marrero Gómez, M.V., Carqué Álamo, E. & Bañares Baudet, A. 2006. Echium acanthocarpum. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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