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Narcissus longispathus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
PLANTAE TRACHEOPHYTA LILIOPSIDA LILIALES AMARYLLIDACEAE

Scientific Name: Narcissus longispathus
Species Authority: Pugsley

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1b(iii,v)c(iv)+2b(iii,v)c(iv) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Hernández-Bermejo, E., Prados, J., Benavente, A., Díaz, A., Herrera-Molina, F., Garrido, A. & Luque, P.
Reviewer(s): Strahm, W. & de Montmollin, B. (Mediterranean Island Plants Red List Authority)
Justification:
Has a limited extent of occurrence, there is continuing decline in habitat quality and loss of mature individuals and there is extreme fluctuation in the number of mature individuals.
History:
1997 Rare (Walter and Gillett 1998)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to Andalusia and is widely distributed in the mountain ranges of Cazorla, Segura and las Villas. Its known range has diminished because some subpopulations are now considered to be separate species. There are 10 subpopulations, but two of them have not been refound. Also found in the mountain ranges of Castril (Granada), Mágina (Jaén) and in the Jaén Mountains. In this last one the individuals have different characters and may represent a different species.
Countries:
Native:
Spain
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The populations fluctuate in size from one year to another.

8 confirmed subpopulations:
2 subpopulations in Sa de Mágina: 5,157 individuals
1 subpopulation in Sontes de Jaén: 2,300 individuals
1 subpopulation in mountain range of Castri: not estimated
5 subpopulations in mountain range of Cazorl: 12,579 individuals
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This geophyte occurs in permanent waters and fountains. It is found in association with Scirpus holoschoenus, Holcus mollis, Piptatherum veriaean, and Eleocharis nigricans.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is vulnerable to modifications of the water regime induced by natural or artificial causes. Trampling and grazing by herbivores poses a threat to some subpopulations. There is also some removal of plants by collectors.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is included in various National Parks. Seeds from some populations are stocked at the genebank of Vegetal Andaluz and at the Botanical Garden of Torre del Vinagre (Cazorla, Jaén). The species is cultivated and propagated. A recovery plan for the species has been implemented.

Citation: Hernández-Bermejo, E., Prados, J., Benavente, A., Díaz, A., Herrera-Molina, F., Garrido, A. & Luque, P. 2006. Narcissus longispathus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 02 October 2014.
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