|Scientific Name:||Allium calamarophilon|
|Species Authority:||Phitos & Tzanoukadis|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Strahm, W. & de Montmollin, B. (Mediterranean Island Plants Red List Authority)|
This species has been classified as DD (Data Deficient) according to the IUCN Red List Criteria, meaning that there is inadequate information to make a direct or indirect conservation assessment. Despite being classified as DD, it must be noted that this species is still of very high conservation concern, and could well be Critically Endangered. The species has not been seen since its first description in 1981 and more data is needed to evaluate its status properly. The inaccessibility of its natural habitat has meant that little is known about its true population size and distribution and there is no data available to assess population stability.
|Range Description:||This plant is an endemic to Greek islands, specifically to the island of Euboea (or Evia), one of the largest islands in the Aegean Sea. The only known population was found in the centre of the island north-east of the small town of Kimi, in 1981.|
Native:Greece (East Aegean Is.)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||The only known population, comprises just a few individuals. But the inaccessibility of its natural habitat has meant that little is known about its true population size and distribution.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||A geophyte that grows at an altitude of 20-30 m on limestone cliffs that rise almost vertically from the sea.|
|Major Threat(s):||One potential threat to this species is a recent plan to build an access road near the seashore. This illustrates the great importance of undertaking environmental impact assessments before building roads or making other modifications to the environment, as road construction could inadvertently destroy the last remaining habitat of this species.|
Actions in Place
Legally: This species is not included in any international conventions or national legislation.
In situ: There are no current measures in places. In fact, no species research or monitoring has taken place since the original postgraduate project in 1981.
Ex situ: A. calamarophilon has been cultivated at the Experimental Botanical Garden of the University of Patras as part of a genetics research project, although due to recent financial constraints the project has stopped and the species is no longer cultivated.
Monitoring is urgently needed to determine if this species still occurs in the wild. If so, its distribution and conservation status should be assessed and a management plan developed.
|Citation:||Latroú, G. 2006. Allium calamarophilon. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 April 2014.|
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