Montivipera xanthina 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Reptilia Squamata Viperidae

Scientific Name: Montivipera xanthina (Gray, 1849)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Ottoman Viper
Daboia xanthina Gray, 1849
Vipera bulgardaghica Nilson & Andren, 1985
Vipera xanthina (Gray, 1849)
Taxonomic Notes: This species is included in Montivipera following Nilson et al. (1999) and Lenk et al. (2001).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2009
Date Assessed: 2008-12-14
Assessor(s): Böhme, W., Lymberakis, P., Tok, V., Ugurtas, I.H., Sevinç, M., Crochet, P.-A., Kaska, Y., Kumlutaş, Y., Avci, A., Üzüm, N., Yeniyurt, C. & Akarsu, F.
Reviewer(s): Cox, N.A. & Temple, H.J.
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is found in northeastern Greece and in Turkey (western, southern and central Anatolia). In Greece it is also present on the islands of Lesbos, Chios, Samos, Patmos, Leipsoi, Leros, Kalymnos, Kos, Symi, Chalki and Oenousses. It ranges from sea level up to 2,000 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Greece; Turkey
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):2000
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It can be common in upland areas and on islands.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is found in Mediterranean scrubland and mountain steppe habitats. It can be found in rural gardens, cultivated land, olive groves and among ruins. The females give birth to between two and 15 young.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): A number populations in western Anatolia, Turkey, appear to be threatened by overcollection for the pet trade. There is some illegal export of this species from Turkey. There is some localized persecution of this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on Annex II of the Bern Convention. It is listed on Annex IV of the EU Habitats Directive. It is present in many protected areas in southeast Anatolia, Turkey and in Greece as well.

Errata [top]

Errata reason: Reformatted names of Assessor(s), Reviewer(s), Contributor(s), Facilitator(s) and/or Compiler(s).

Citation: Böhme, W., Lymberakis, P., Tok, V., Ugurtas, I.H., Sevinç, M., Crochet, P.-A., Kaska, Y., Kumlutaş, Y., Avci, A., Üzüm, N., Yeniyurt, C. & Akarsu, F. 2009. Montivipera xanthina (errata version published in 2016). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T61537A86548598. . Downloaded on 16 August 2018.
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