Pseudophoxinus syriacus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Pseudophoxinus syriacus
Species Authority: (Lortet, 1883)
Taxonomic Notes: Initially recorded as Phoxinellus libani. Should be Pseudophoxinus syriacus (N. Bogutskaya, pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B2ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor/s: Bogutskaya, N.
Reviewer/s: Goren, M. & Pollock, C.M. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
The species is restricted to one river (Litani River, Ba'albek Valley) in Lebanon. The main threat to the species is human utilization of the river water (pollution, extraction) and alien invasive predatory species. Known area of occupancy is less than 10 km². Assessed as Critically Endangered.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is restricted to the Litani river basin in Lebanon.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: In the late 1980s, the population appeared to be stable.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Occurs in rivers, but in slow moving or still water.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Water extraction, and the introduction of exotic fish species (Gambusia and Tilapia) are the main threats. Habitat destruction (canalization). The area is urbanized and the river water is utilised by the human population.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None known to be in place.
Citation: Bogutskaya, N. 2006. Pseudophoxinus syriacus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 18 April 2014.
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