Aphanius baeticus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Aphanius baeticus
Species Authority: Doadrio, Carmona & Fernández-Delgado, 2002

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered A2ce ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Crivelli, A.J.
Reviewer(s): Carmona, J. & Darwall, W. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
A. baeticus survives in only 7–8 sub populations and is suspected to have undergone a population decline of 50% in last 10 years. Its area of occupancy (AOO) is Gambusia holbrooki, Fundulus heteroclitus and Procambarus clarkii>) (Carmona, J. pers comm.). Although reintroduction programmes have been undertaken, this species could be extinct in the wild in the next ten years.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: It is restricted to the lower Guadalquivir region and in streams located on the southern Atlantic slope of Spain, including Coto Donana National Park.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Decreasing, only 7–8 fragmented populations are known.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It lives in freshwater and hypersaline lagoons, tidal channel, and in small streams. It is characterized by a short life span and large fluctuations in population size, as adaptations to a highly variable environment.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat destruction and water pollution (mine spill in 1998 in Coto Donana), repeated drought, and introduction of exotic fish species Gambusia holbrooki and Fundulus heteroclitus as well as the swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Included in Regional Andalucian Law 8/2003 of conservation of flora and fauna.

Citation: Crivelli, A.J. 2006. Aphanius baeticus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 01 April 2015.
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