Aphanius baeticus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Cyprinodontiformes Cyprinodontidae

Scientific Name: Aphanius baeticus Doadrio, Carmona & Fernández-Delgado, 2002

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered A2ce ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Crivelli, A.J.
Reviewer(s): Carmona, J. & Darwall, W. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
A. baeticus survives in only 7–8 sub populations and is suspected to have undergone a population decline of 50% in last 10 years. Its area of occupancy (AOO) is <500 km² and is in continuous decline due to a loss in habitat caused by pollution, destruction and to introduced species (Gambusia holbrooki, Fundulus heteroclitus and Procambarus clarkii>) (Carmona, J. pers comm.). Although reintroduction programmes have been undertaken, this species could be extinct in the wild in the next ten years.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:It is restricted to the lower Guadalquivir region and in streams located on the southern Atlantic slope of Spain, including Coto Donana National Park.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Decreasing, only 7–8 fragmented populations are known.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It lives in freshwater and hypersaline lagoons, tidal channel, and in small streams. It is characterized by a short life span and large fluctuations in population size, as adaptations to a highly variable environment.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat destruction and water pollution (mine spill in 1998 in Coto Donana), repeated drought, and introduction of exotic fish species Gambusia holbrooki and Fundulus heteroclitus as well as the swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Included in Regional Andalucian Law 8/2003 of conservation of flora and fauna.

Citation: Crivelli, A.J. 2006. Aphanius baeticus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006: e.T61235A12452237. . Downloaded on 23 May 2018.
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