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Salmo peristericus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII SALMONIFORMES SALMONIDAE

Scientific Name: Salmo peristericus
Species Authority: Karaman, 1938
Taxonomic Notes: It is considered sometimes only as a subspecies.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Crivelli, A.J.
Reviewer(s): Freyhof, J. & Darwall, W. (Mediterranean Workshop, Dec. 2004)
Justification:
This species is present in two locations and has an area of occupancy (AOO) <500 km² and an extent of occurrence (EOO) <5,000 km². These two populations have not yet been confirmed to be the same species, although it is believed that they are, and a survey is planned for the near future (Crivelli, A. pers comm). In one location (possible S. peristericus) there is a continuing decline in habitat quality due to domestic water pollution, overgrazing and erosion that destroys the spawning area. In the other location (definite S. peristericus) there is poaching, but this is not causing a continuing decline in the population (Crivelli A. pers comm). If these two populations are not the same species then S. peristericus will be VU D2 based on it being found in one location, with the potential threat of introduced species. Taxonomic work is required to confirm the status of the questionable subpopulation.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: It is restricted to the Agios Germanos stream in the Prespa Lakes region, north-western Greece. It might be also present in one or two streams in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) part of Lake Megali Prespa.
Countries:
Native:
Greece; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Its population in Agios Germanos stream has been estimated between 3,300 and 6,700 individuals (Crivelli, A. unpublished data).
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Its lives in a mountain stream. The population is present in 24.5 km out of 34.5 km. Habitat is fragmented by some impassable waterfalls.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Water extraction (although it is downstream), erosion within the catchment due to overgrazing, poaching with nets and chlorine, and organic pollution. Small electro-power stations.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Angling is regulated according to the National law. Part of the species range is covered by a National Park.

Citation: Crivelli, A.J. 2006. Salmo peristericus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 October 2014.
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