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Maylandia crabro

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII PERCIFORMES CICHLIDAE

Scientific Name: Maylandia crabro
Species Authority: (Ribbink & Lewis, 1982)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Kasembe, J.
Reviewer(s): Snoeks, J. (Freshwater Fish Red List Authority) & Darwall, W. (Freshwater Biodiversity Assessment Programme)
Justification:
Endemic to Lake Malawi where it is widespread with no major widespread threats identified.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Endemic to Lake Malawi where it has a wide distribution (although rare at most locations), but it does not occur north of Hongi Island on the eastern side or north of Mara rocks on the western side.
Countries:
Native:
Malawi; Mozambique; Tanzania, United Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: No information available.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Occurs in all habitat types but most frequently in large caves or near large boulders. It usually occurs in places where the catfish Bagrus meridionalis (locally known as kampango) occurs. It feeds on aufwuchs and plankton but is specialised in cleaning parasites only from kampango. It has also been observed stealing eggs from beneath guarding kampango pairs. Females and non-breeding males school in the open water. It is known as "Pseudotropheus chameleo and Melanochromis crabro" in the aquarium trade. It has been given the name Pseudotropheus chameleo due to its ability to quickly change its characteristic colour pattern of yellow with brown bars to a uniform dull brown. Max. size: 12 cm (TL).
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Sedimentation. Collection for the aquarium trade. Subsistence fishing.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None.

Citation: Kasembe, J. 2006. Maylandia crabro. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 December 2014.
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