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Alcolapia grahami

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII PERCIFORMES CICHLIDAE

Scientific Name: Alcolapia grahami
Species Authority: (Boulenger, 1912)
Taxonomic Notes: Also reported under the old names Tilapia grahami and Oreochromis (Alcolapia) alcalicus grahami. Specific rank according to Seegers and Tichy (1999). Reported as Tilapia mossambica (non Peters, 1852) by Woodhouse (1912), a misidentification.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2006
Date Assessed: 2006-01-31
Assessor(s): Bayona, J. & Akinyi, E.
Reviewer(s): Snoeks, J. (Freshwater Fish Red List Authority) & Darwall, W. (Freshwater Biodiversity Assessment Programme)
Justification:
The natural range of this species is restricted to a single location: Lake Magadi. Current threats are not certain, however the population is thought to be declining.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Lake Magadi. Introduced in Lake Nakuru in 1953, 1959 and 1962 (Vareschi 1979). Possibly also introduced in Lake Elmenteita. Lake Natron in Tanzania (Lever 1996).
Countries:
Native:
Kenya; Tanzania, United Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: No information available.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Lives in springs and lagoons around the edge of the lake. Occurs in generally unfavourable environmental conditions for fishes (water temperature, chemical composition) (Seegers and Tichy 1999). Primary food sources are blue-green algae (90%), Crustacea (Copepods) and dipteran larvae. Has no marked breeding season. The male has a breeding territory and constructs a pit of about 15 cm in diameter where he tries to attract females to spawn. No firm pair bond relationship. Female is a mouthbrooder, brooding period two weeks (Seegers and Tichy 1999). Max. size: 69.0 mm SL (Seegers and Tichy 1999).
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Not certain but population thought to be declining.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: None known.

Citation: Bayona, J. & Akinyi, E. 2006. Alcolapia grahami. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 02 September 2014.
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