Phyllomacromia melania 

Scope: Global

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Odonata Macromiidae

Scientific Name: Phyllomacromia melania
Species Authority: (Selys, 1871)
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Sombre Cruiser
Macromia bredoi Schouteden, 1934
Macromia martorelli Compte Sart, 1964
Macromia melania Selys, 1871
Phyllomacromia funicularia (Martin, 1906)
Taxonomic Notes: Confusing taxonomy is discussed by Dijkstra (2005). Phyllomacromia nyanzana (Grünberg, 1911); ?P. bifasciata Martin, 1912. The female holotype seems to be miss-matched to the male holotype contumax, so melania may be something distinct (funicularia-like), while "contumax" takes priority over the whole nyanzana-bifasciata-complex.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-05-01
Assessor(s): Clausnitzer, V. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B.
Reviewer(s): Dijkstra, K.-D.B., Clausnitzer, V., Suhling, F., Samways, M., Samraoui, B., Boudot, J.P., Kipping, J. (Odonata Red List Authority) & Allen, D. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)
This is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats and that is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:The species has been recorded from west Tanzania and Uganda to western Africa.

In central Africa, it is present in western Tanzania and Uganda to western Africa. It is known from Cameroon and probably present in Nigeria. The records from Guinea and Liberia are most likely to be correct, but there are several confusingly similar species. Recent specimens collected in Ghana may pertain to be this species (Dijkstra pers. comm.).

In eastern Africa, it is common and widespread in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Malawi. Its distribution in Burundi is assumed.

In western Africa, It has been recorded from Cameroon and probably Nigeria; records from Guinea and Liberia are probably correct, but there are several confusingly similar species. Recent specimens collected in Ghana may pertain to be this species (Dijkstra pers. comm.).
Countries occurrence:
Angola (Angola); Cameroon; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Equatorial Guinea; Gabon; Ghana; Guinea; Kenya; Liberia; Malawi; Nigeria; Sierra Leone; Tanzania, United Republic of; Uganda
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Population size is unknown.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Rainforest rivers and lakes.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Water pollution and forest destruction caused by agriculture and wood extraction are threats to the species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No information available but research into threats, trends and monitoring of the species would be valuable.

Citation: Clausnitzer, V. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B. 2010. Phyllomacromia melania. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T59994A12155111. . Downloaded on 03 December 2016.
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